Berardinelli-Seip congenital lipodystrophy 2 regulates adipocyte lipolysis, browning, and energy balance in adult animals

Hongyi Zhou, Xinnuo Lei, Tyler Benson, James Mintz, Xiaojing Xu, Ruth B. Harris, Neal L. Weintraub, Xiaoling Wang, Weiqin Chen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

18 Scopus citations

Abstract

Mutations in BSCL2/SEIPIN cause Berardinelli-Seip congenital lipodystrophy type 2 (BSCL2), but the mechanisms whereby Bscl2 regulates adipose tissue function are unclear. Here, we generated adipose tissue (mature) Bscl2 knockout (Ad-mKO) mice, in which Bscl2 was specifically ablated in adipocytes of adult animals, to investigate the impact of acquired Bscl2 deletion on adipose tissue function and energy balance. Ad-mKO mice displayed reduced adiposity and were protected against high fat dietinduced obesity, but not insulin resistance or hepatic steatosis. Gene expression profiling and biochemical assays revealed increased lipolysis and fatty acid oxidation in white adipose tissue (WAT) and brown adipose tissue , as well as browning of WAT, owing to induction of cAMP/protein kinase A signaling upon Bscl2 deletion. Interestingly, Bscl2 deletion reduced food intake and downregulated adipose β3-adrenergic receptor (ADRB3) expression. Impaired ADRB3 signaling partially offsets upregulated browning-induced energy expenditure and thermogenesis in Ad-mKO mice housed at ambient temperature. However, this counterregulatory response was abrogated under thermoneutral conditions, resulting in even greater body mass loss in AdmKO mice. These findings suggest that Bscl2 regulates adipocyte lipolysis and β-adrenergic signaling to produce complex effects on adipose tissues and whole-body energy balance.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1912-1925
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Lipid Research
Volume56
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2015

Keywords

  • Adipose tissue
  • Beta-oxidation
  • Lipolysis and fatty acid metabolism
  • Obesity
  • Triglycerides

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Endocrinology
  • Cell Biology

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