Beta-adrenergic receptor desensitization of wild-type but not cyc lymphoma cells unmasked by submillimolar Mg2+.

R. B. Clark, J. Friedman, John A Johnson, M. W. Kunkel

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Abstract

Treatment with low physiological concentrations of epinephrine (5-50 nM) rapidly desensitizes beta-adrenergic stimulation of cAMP formation in S49 wild-type (WT) lymphoma cells. Previous attempts to detect this early phase of desensitization in cell-free assays of adenylate cyclase (EC 4.6.1.1) after intact cell treatment were unsuccessful. We have now found that reducing the Mg2+ concentrations in the adenylate cyclase assays to less than 1.0 mM unmasked this rapid phase of desensitization of the WT cells, and that high Mg2+ concentrations (5-10 mM) largely obscured the desensitization. Submillimolar Mg2+ conditions also revealed a two- to threefold decrease in the affinity of epinephrine binding to the beta-adrenergic receptor after desensitization with 20 nM epinephrine. Detection of 4 beta-phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA) desensitization of the WT beta-adrenergic receptor was also dependent on low Mg2+ as measured either by the decrease in epinephrine stimulation of adenylate cyclase or by the reduction in the affinity of epinephrine binding. Unexpectedly, when cyc- cells were pretreated with 50 nM epinephrine, the beta-adrenergic stimulation of reconstituted adenylate cyclase was not desensitized. The characteristics of the Mg2+ effect on epinephrine- and PMA-induced desensitizations suggest a similar mechanism of action with the most likely events being phosphorylations of the beta-adrenergic receptors. Our data indicate that cAMP-dependent protein kinase (EC 2.7.1.37) may play a role in the desensitization caused by low epinephrine concentrations inasmuch as this phase of desensitization did not occur in the cyc-. For the PMA-induced desensitization, the phosphorylation may be mediated by protein kinase C (EC 2.7.1.37).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)289-297
Number of pages9
JournalThe FASEB journal : official publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology
Volume1
Issue number4
StatePublished - Jan 1 1987
Externally publishedYes

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Receptors, Adrenergic, beta
Epinephrine
Lymphoma
Adenylyl Cyclases
Phosphorylation
Acetates
Adrenergic Agents
Assays
Cyclic AMP-Dependent Protein Kinases
Protein Kinase C

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biotechnology
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Genetics

Cite this

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title = "Beta-adrenergic receptor desensitization of wild-type but not cyc lymphoma cells unmasked by submillimolar Mg2+.",
abstract = "Treatment with low physiological concentrations of epinephrine (5-50 nM) rapidly desensitizes beta-adrenergic stimulation of cAMP formation in S49 wild-type (WT) lymphoma cells. Previous attempts to detect this early phase of desensitization in cell-free assays of adenylate cyclase (EC 4.6.1.1) after intact cell treatment were unsuccessful. We have now found that reducing the Mg2+ concentrations in the adenylate cyclase assays to less than 1.0 mM unmasked this rapid phase of desensitization of the WT cells, and that high Mg2+ concentrations (5-10 mM) largely obscured the desensitization. Submillimolar Mg2+ conditions also revealed a two- to threefold decrease in the affinity of epinephrine binding to the beta-adrenergic receptor after desensitization with 20 nM epinephrine. Detection of 4 beta-phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA) desensitization of the WT beta-adrenergic receptor was also dependent on low Mg2+ as measured either by the decrease in epinephrine stimulation of adenylate cyclase or by the reduction in the affinity of epinephrine binding. Unexpectedly, when cyc- cells were pretreated with 50 nM epinephrine, the beta-adrenergic stimulation of reconstituted adenylate cyclase was not desensitized. The characteristics of the Mg2+ effect on epinephrine- and PMA-induced desensitizations suggest a similar mechanism of action with the most likely events being phosphorylations of the beta-adrenergic receptors. Our data indicate that cAMP-dependent protein kinase (EC 2.7.1.37) may play a role in the desensitization caused by low epinephrine concentrations inasmuch as this phase of desensitization did not occur in the cyc-. For the PMA-induced desensitization, the phosphorylation may be mediated by protein kinase C (EC 2.7.1.37).",
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T1 - Beta-adrenergic receptor desensitization of wild-type but not cyc lymphoma cells unmasked by submillimolar Mg2+.

AU - Clark, R. B.

AU - Friedman, J.

AU - Johnson, John A

AU - Kunkel, M. W.

PY - 1987/1/1

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N2 - Treatment with low physiological concentrations of epinephrine (5-50 nM) rapidly desensitizes beta-adrenergic stimulation of cAMP formation in S49 wild-type (WT) lymphoma cells. Previous attempts to detect this early phase of desensitization in cell-free assays of adenylate cyclase (EC 4.6.1.1) after intact cell treatment were unsuccessful. We have now found that reducing the Mg2+ concentrations in the adenylate cyclase assays to less than 1.0 mM unmasked this rapid phase of desensitization of the WT cells, and that high Mg2+ concentrations (5-10 mM) largely obscured the desensitization. Submillimolar Mg2+ conditions also revealed a two- to threefold decrease in the affinity of epinephrine binding to the beta-adrenergic receptor after desensitization with 20 nM epinephrine. Detection of 4 beta-phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA) desensitization of the WT beta-adrenergic receptor was also dependent on low Mg2+ as measured either by the decrease in epinephrine stimulation of adenylate cyclase or by the reduction in the affinity of epinephrine binding. Unexpectedly, when cyc- cells were pretreated with 50 nM epinephrine, the beta-adrenergic stimulation of reconstituted adenylate cyclase was not desensitized. The characteristics of the Mg2+ effect on epinephrine- and PMA-induced desensitizations suggest a similar mechanism of action with the most likely events being phosphorylations of the beta-adrenergic receptors. Our data indicate that cAMP-dependent protein kinase (EC 2.7.1.37) may play a role in the desensitization caused by low epinephrine concentrations inasmuch as this phase of desensitization did not occur in the cyc-. For the PMA-induced desensitization, the phosphorylation may be mediated by protein kinase C (EC 2.7.1.37).

AB - Treatment with low physiological concentrations of epinephrine (5-50 nM) rapidly desensitizes beta-adrenergic stimulation of cAMP formation in S49 wild-type (WT) lymphoma cells. Previous attempts to detect this early phase of desensitization in cell-free assays of adenylate cyclase (EC 4.6.1.1) after intact cell treatment were unsuccessful. We have now found that reducing the Mg2+ concentrations in the adenylate cyclase assays to less than 1.0 mM unmasked this rapid phase of desensitization of the WT cells, and that high Mg2+ concentrations (5-10 mM) largely obscured the desensitization. Submillimolar Mg2+ conditions also revealed a two- to threefold decrease in the affinity of epinephrine binding to the beta-adrenergic receptor after desensitization with 20 nM epinephrine. Detection of 4 beta-phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA) desensitization of the WT beta-adrenergic receptor was also dependent on low Mg2+ as measured either by the decrease in epinephrine stimulation of adenylate cyclase or by the reduction in the affinity of epinephrine binding. Unexpectedly, when cyc- cells were pretreated with 50 nM epinephrine, the beta-adrenergic stimulation of reconstituted adenylate cyclase was not desensitized. The characteristics of the Mg2+ effect on epinephrine- and PMA-induced desensitizations suggest a similar mechanism of action with the most likely events being phosphorylations of the beta-adrenergic receptors. Our data indicate that cAMP-dependent protein kinase (EC 2.7.1.37) may play a role in the desensitization caused by low epinephrine concentrations inasmuch as this phase of desensitization did not occur in the cyc-. For the PMA-induced desensitization, the phosphorylation may be mediated by protein kinase C (EC 2.7.1.37).

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