Treatment with low physiological concentrations of epinephrine (5-50 nM) rapidly desensitizes beta-adrenergic stimulation of cAMP formation in S49 wild-type (WT) lymphoma cells. Previous attempts to detect this early phase of desensitization in cell-free assays of adenylate cyclase (EC 220.127.116.11) after intact cell treatment were unsuccessful. We have now found that reducing the Mg2+ concentrations in the adenylate cyclase assays to less than 1.0 mM unmasked this rapid phase of desensitization of the WT cells, and that high Mg2+ concentrations (5-10 mM) largely obscured the desensitization. Submillimolar Mg2+ conditions also revealed a two- to threefold decrease in the affinity of epinephrine binding to the beta-adrenergic receptor after desensitization with 20 nM epinephrine. Detection of 4 beta-phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA) desensitization of the WT beta-adrenergic receptor was also dependent on low Mg2+ as measured either by the decrease in epinephrine stimulation of adenylate cyclase or by the reduction in the affinity of epinephrine binding. Unexpectedly, when cyc- cells were pretreated with 50 nM epinephrine, the beta-adrenergic stimulation of reconstituted adenylate cyclase was not desensitized. The characteristics of the Mg2+ effect on epinephrine- and PMA-induced desensitizations suggest a similar mechanism of action with the most likely events being phosphorylations of the beta-adrenergic receptors. Our data indicate that cAMP-dependent protein kinase (EC 18.104.22.168) may play a role in the desensitization caused by low epinephrine concentrations inasmuch as this phase of desensitization did not occur in the cyc-. For the PMA-induced desensitization, the phosphorylation may be mediated by protein kinase C (EC 22.214.171.124).
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||The FASEB journal : official publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology|
|State||Published - Jan 1 1987|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology