Beyond physiological hypoarousal

The role of life stress and callous-unemotional traits in incarcerated adolescent males

Andrew J. Gostisha, Michael J Vitacco, Andrew R. Dismukes, Chelsea Brieman, Jenna Merz, Elizabeth A. Shirtcliff

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

15 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The development of antisocial behavior in youth has been examined with neurobiological theories that suggest that adolescents who are less responsive to their environments are less likely to develop empathy in the absence of extant physiological arousal. However, little attention is paid to these individuals' social context. Individuals with adverse early experiences can also exhibit attenuated physiological arousal. The current investigation examines whether psychopathic symptoms or life stress exposure is associated with cortisol and its diurnal rhythm within 50 incarcerated adolescent boys (14-18. years old). Ten saliva cortisol samples were collected 1-2. weeks after admission to a maximum-security juvenile facility. Hierarchical Linear Modeling distinguished waking cortisol levels, the awakening response (CAR) and the diurnal rhythm. Multiple interviews and self-report measures of CU traits and stressor exposure were collected. Boys with higher levels of CU traits or greater life stress exposure had flat diurnal rhythms and a steeper awakening response in analyses with lifetime stress exposure specifically. Nonetheless, boys who were elevated on both CU traits and prior stress exposure had steeper diurnal rhythms. These results extend neurobiological theories of cortisol and illustrate that boys with the combination of severe stress with CU traits have a unique physiological profile.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)469-479
Number of pages11
JournalHormones and Behavior
Volume65
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2014

Fingerprint

Circadian Rhythm
Psychological Stress
Hydrocortisone
Arousal
Saliva
Self Report
Interviews

Keywords

  • Adolescence
  • Context
  • Cortisol
  • Incarceration
  • Stress

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology
  • Endocrine and Autonomic Systems
  • Behavioral Neuroscience

Cite this

Beyond physiological hypoarousal : The role of life stress and callous-unemotional traits in incarcerated adolescent males. / Gostisha, Andrew J.; Vitacco, Michael J; Dismukes, Andrew R.; Brieman, Chelsea; Merz, Jenna; Shirtcliff, Elizabeth A.

In: Hormones and Behavior, Vol. 65, No. 5, 01.01.2014, p. 469-479.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Gostisha, Andrew J. ; Vitacco, Michael J ; Dismukes, Andrew R. ; Brieman, Chelsea ; Merz, Jenna ; Shirtcliff, Elizabeth A. / Beyond physiological hypoarousal : The role of life stress and callous-unemotional traits in incarcerated adolescent males. In: Hormones and Behavior. 2014 ; Vol. 65, No. 5. pp. 469-479.
@article{a278665c43d34152be56dfcef9fffb31,
title = "Beyond physiological hypoarousal: The role of life stress and callous-unemotional traits in incarcerated adolescent males",
abstract = "The development of antisocial behavior in youth has been examined with neurobiological theories that suggest that adolescents who are less responsive to their environments are less likely to develop empathy in the absence of extant physiological arousal. However, little attention is paid to these individuals' social context. Individuals with adverse early experiences can also exhibit attenuated physiological arousal. The current investigation examines whether psychopathic symptoms or life stress exposure is associated with cortisol and its diurnal rhythm within 50 incarcerated adolescent boys (14-18. years old). Ten saliva cortisol samples were collected 1-2. weeks after admission to a maximum-security juvenile facility. Hierarchical Linear Modeling distinguished waking cortisol levels, the awakening response (CAR) and the diurnal rhythm. Multiple interviews and self-report measures of CU traits and stressor exposure were collected. Boys with higher levels of CU traits or greater life stress exposure had flat diurnal rhythms and a steeper awakening response in analyses with lifetime stress exposure specifically. Nonetheless, boys who were elevated on both CU traits and prior stress exposure had steeper diurnal rhythms. These results extend neurobiological theories of cortisol and illustrate that boys with the combination of severe stress with CU traits have a unique physiological profile.",
keywords = "Adolescence, Context, Cortisol, Incarceration, Stress",
author = "Gostisha, {Andrew J.} and Vitacco, {Michael J} and Dismukes, {Andrew R.} and Chelsea Brieman and Jenna Merz and Shirtcliff, {Elizabeth A.}",
year = "2014",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.yhbeh.2014.03.016",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "65",
pages = "469--479",
journal = "Hormones and Behavior",
issn = "0018-506X",
publisher = "Academic Press Inc.",
number = "5",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Beyond physiological hypoarousal

T2 - The role of life stress and callous-unemotional traits in incarcerated adolescent males

AU - Gostisha, Andrew J.

AU - Vitacco, Michael J

AU - Dismukes, Andrew R.

AU - Brieman, Chelsea

AU - Merz, Jenna

AU - Shirtcliff, Elizabeth A.

PY - 2014/1/1

Y1 - 2014/1/1

N2 - The development of antisocial behavior in youth has been examined with neurobiological theories that suggest that adolescents who are less responsive to their environments are less likely to develop empathy in the absence of extant physiological arousal. However, little attention is paid to these individuals' social context. Individuals with adverse early experiences can also exhibit attenuated physiological arousal. The current investigation examines whether psychopathic symptoms or life stress exposure is associated with cortisol and its diurnal rhythm within 50 incarcerated adolescent boys (14-18. years old). Ten saliva cortisol samples were collected 1-2. weeks after admission to a maximum-security juvenile facility. Hierarchical Linear Modeling distinguished waking cortisol levels, the awakening response (CAR) and the diurnal rhythm. Multiple interviews and self-report measures of CU traits and stressor exposure were collected. Boys with higher levels of CU traits or greater life stress exposure had flat diurnal rhythms and a steeper awakening response in analyses with lifetime stress exposure specifically. Nonetheless, boys who were elevated on both CU traits and prior stress exposure had steeper diurnal rhythms. These results extend neurobiological theories of cortisol and illustrate that boys with the combination of severe stress with CU traits have a unique physiological profile.

AB - The development of antisocial behavior in youth has been examined with neurobiological theories that suggest that adolescents who are less responsive to their environments are less likely to develop empathy in the absence of extant physiological arousal. However, little attention is paid to these individuals' social context. Individuals with adverse early experiences can also exhibit attenuated physiological arousal. The current investigation examines whether psychopathic symptoms or life stress exposure is associated with cortisol and its diurnal rhythm within 50 incarcerated adolescent boys (14-18. years old). Ten saliva cortisol samples were collected 1-2. weeks after admission to a maximum-security juvenile facility. Hierarchical Linear Modeling distinguished waking cortisol levels, the awakening response (CAR) and the diurnal rhythm. Multiple interviews and self-report measures of CU traits and stressor exposure were collected. Boys with higher levels of CU traits or greater life stress exposure had flat diurnal rhythms and a steeper awakening response in analyses with lifetime stress exposure specifically. Nonetheless, boys who were elevated on both CU traits and prior stress exposure had steeper diurnal rhythms. These results extend neurobiological theories of cortisol and illustrate that boys with the combination of severe stress with CU traits have a unique physiological profile.

KW - Adolescence

KW - Context

KW - Cortisol

KW - Incarceration

KW - Stress

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84899894692&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84899894692&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.yhbeh.2014.03.016

DO - 10.1016/j.yhbeh.2014.03.016

M3 - Article

VL - 65

SP - 469

EP - 479

JO - Hormones and Behavior

JF - Hormones and Behavior

SN - 0018-506X

IS - 5

ER -