Blockade of senescence-associated microRNA-195 in aged skeletal muscle cells facilitates reprogramming to produce induced pluripotent stem cells.

Hideyuki Kondo, Ha Won Kim, Lei Wang, Motoi Okada, Christian Paul, Ronald W. Millard, Yigang Wang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

15 Scopus citations

Abstract

The low reprogramming efficiency in cells from elderly patients is a challenge that must be overcome. Recently, it has been reported that senescence-associated microRNA (miR)-195 targets Sirtuin 1 (SIRT1) to advance cellular senescence. Thus, we hypothesized that a blockade of miR-195 expression could improve reprogramming efficiency in old skeletal myoblasts (SkMs). We found that miR-195 expression was significantly higher in old SkMs (24 months) isolated from C57BL/6 mice as compared to young SkMs (2 months, 2.3-fold). Expression of SIRT1 and telomerase reverse transcriptase (TERT) was downregulated in old SkMs, and transduction of old SkMs with lentiviral miR-195 inhibitor significantly restored their expression. Furthermore, quantitative in situ hybridization analysis demonstrated significant telomere elongation in old SkMs transduced with anti-miR-195 (1.7-fold increase). It is important to note that blocking miR-195 expression markedly increased the reprogramming efficiency of old SkMs as compared to scramble (2.2-fold increase). Transduction of anti-miR-195 did not alter karyotype or pluripotency marker expression. Induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) from old SkMs transduced with anti-miR-195 successfully formed embryoid bodies that spontaneously differentiated into three germ layers, indicating that deletion of miR-195 does not affect pluripotency in transformed SkMs. In conclusion, this study provided novel evidence that the blockade of age-induced miR-195 is a promising approach for efficient iPSC generation from aging donor subjects, which has the potential for autologous transplantation of iPSCs in elderly patients.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)56-66
Number of pages11
JournalAging Cell
Volume15
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 1 2016

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Keywords

  • Aging cell
  • Reprogramming
  • Telomere length
  • microRNA

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Aging
  • Cell Biology

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