Blood circulating microparticle species in relapsing-remitting and secondary progressive multiple sclerosis. A case-control, cross sectional study with conventional MRI and advanced iron content imaging outcomes

J. S. Alexander, R. Chervenak, B. Weinstock-Guttman, I. Tsunoda, M. Ramanathan, N. Martinez, S. Omura, F. Sato, G. V. Chaitanya, A. Minagar, J. McGee, M. H. Jennings, C. Monceaux, F. Becker, U. Cvek, M. Trutschl, R. Zivadinov

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background Although multiple sclerosis (MS) is thought to represent an excessive and inappropriate immune response to several central nervous system (CNS) autoantigens, increasing evidence also suggests that MS may also be a neurovascular inflammatory disease, characterized by endothelial activation and shedding of cell membrane microdomains known as 'microparticles' into the circulation. Objective To investigate the relationships between these endothelial biomarkers and MS. Methods We examined the relative abundance of CD31+/PECAM-1, CD51+CD61+ (αV-β3) and CD54+ (ICAM-1) bearing microparticles in sera of healthy individuals, patients with relapsing-remitting MS, and secondary-progressive MS. We also investigated the correlation among circulating levels of different microparticle species in MS with conventional MRI (T2- and T1-lesion volumes and brain atrophy), as well as novel MR modalities [assessment of iron content on susceptibility-weighted imaging (SWI)-filtered phase]. Results Differences in circulating microparticle levels were found among MS groups, and several microparticle species (CD31+/CD51+/CD61+/CD54+) were found to correlate with conventional MRI and SWI features of MS. Conclusion These results indicate that circulating microparticles' profiles in MS may support mechanistic roles for microvascular stress and injury which is an underlying contributor not only to MS initiation and progression, but also to pro-inflammatory responses.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)84-89
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of the Neurological Sciences
Volume355
Issue number1-2
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 15 2015
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Atrophy
  • Endothelial microparticles
  • Iron deposition
  • MRI
  • Multiple sclerosis
  • Serum

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology

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