Calcium influx is required for endocytotic membrane retrieval

Steven S. Vogel, Robert M. Smith, Boris Baibakov, Yoshihide Ikebuchi, Nevin A Lambert

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

42 Scopus citations


Cells use endocytotic membrane retrieval to compensate for excess surface membrane after exocytosis. Retrieval is thought to be calcium- dependent, but the source of this calcium is not known. We found that, in sea urchin eggs, endocytotic membrane retrieval required extracellular calcium. Inhibitors of P-type calcium channels-cadmium, ω-conotoxin MVIIC, ω- agatoxin IVA, and ω-agatoxin TK-blocked membrane retrieval; selective inhibitors of N-type and L-type channels did not. Treatment with calcium ionophores overcame agatoxin inhibition in a calcium-dependent manner. Cadmium blocked membrane retrieval when applied during the first 5 minutes after fertilization, the period when the membrane potential is depolarized. We conclude that calcium influx through ω-agatoxin-sensitive channels plays a key role in signaling for endocytotic membrane retrieval.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)5019-5024
Number of pages6
JournalProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Issue number9
StatePublished - Apr 27 1999

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General


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