We have previously reported that the intact PTH molecule (1-84) stimulates proliferation of human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs). To define the bioactive portion of the PTH molecule we utilized amino, mid and carboxy-terminal PTH fragments. Carboxy- but not amino-terminal fragments were equivalent to the intact PTH molecule in stimulating [3H]thymidine incorporation in HUVEC. Carboxy- but not amino-terminal PTH fragments increased intracellular calcium. Blocking the rise in intracellular calcium with calcium chelators abolished PTHs proliferative effect on HUVEC. In contrast to PTH 1-84, the carboxy-terminal fragment effect on [3H]thymidine incorporation was blocked by KN-93 an inhibitor of CaM kinase II. Taken together, these data suggest that the carboxy-terminal PTH is (or contains) the bioactive fragment responsible for the changes in intracellular calcium and thymidine incorporation in HUVEC stimulated with the intact PTH molecule.
- Endothelial cells
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience