This investigation elucidates the Akt/mitochondrial ATP-sensitive K + (mitoKATP) channel signaling pathway in late pharmacological preconditioning, using the mitoKATP channel openers BMS-191095 (BMS) and diazoxide (DE). BMS (1 mg/kg ip) and DE (7 mg/kg ip) alone or BMS plus wortmannin (WTN, 15 μg/kg ip), an inhibitor of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase, and BMS plus 5-hydroxydecanoic acid (5-HD, 5 mg/kg ip), an inhibitor of mitoKATP channels, were administered to male mice. Twenty-four hours later, hearts were isolated and subjected to 40 min of ischemia and 120 min of reperfusion via Langendorff's apparatus. Both BMS and DE reduced left ventricular end-diastolic pressure and increased left ventricular developed pressure as well as reduced LDH release. Coadministration of BMS and WTN abolished the beneficial effects of BMS on cardiac function. Moreover, BMS and DE accelerated Akt phosphorylation in cardiac tissue as determined by Western blot analysis and also significantly reduced apoptosis compared with ischemic control. WTN significantly suppressed BMS-induced Akt phosphorylation, whereas 5-HD had no effect on Akt phosphorylation in cytosol, and the effect of BMS on apoptosis was abolished. It is concluded that the cardioprotective effect by mitoKATP channels is attributed to the translocation of phosphorylated Akt from cytosol to mitochondria.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Journal||American Journal of Physiology - Heart and Circulatory Physiology|
|State||Published - Jun 1 2006|
- Mitochondrial ATP-sensitive K channels
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
- Physiology (medical)