CD4 T Cells in Antitumor Immunity

Valentyna Fesenkova, Hussein Sultan, Esteban Celis

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

T lymphocytes expressing the CD4 marker have diverse functions within the immune system. A subset of CD4 T lymphocytes known as T-helper (Th) cells is essential in the generation and augmentation of humoral immune responses and cell-mediated immunity. Other subsets of CD4 T cells known as T regulatory cells have an opposite function and will be described in a different article. Here we review the important role of CD4 Th cells in antitumor immunity in providing help for the generation of antibodies and CD8 cytotoxic T-lymphocytes capable of limiting tumor cell growth. Furthermore, CD4 Th cells are essential for generating memory CD8 T cells, which are responsible for preventing tumor recurrences. In addition to their intrinsic helper function, some tumor-reactive CD4 Th cells can also serve as effector cells promoting tumor eradication via production of cytostatic cytokines within the tumor microenvironment or through cell-mediated cytotoxicity. Due to their important role in antitumor responses, effective immunotherapy approaches such as antitumor vaccines include strategies to generate tumor-reactive CD4 Th cell responses.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationImmunity to Pathogens and Tumors
PublisherElsevier Inc.
Pages441-450
Number of pages10
Volume4
ISBN (Print)9780080921525
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 27 2016

Keywords

  • APC
  • CD4 T lymphocyte
  • CTL
  • Cancer vaccines
  • MHC class II
  • Peptide epitope
  • T-helper cells
  • Tumor immunotherapy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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  • Cite this

    Fesenkova, V., Sultan, H., & Celis, E. (2016). CD4 T Cells in Antitumor Immunity. In Immunity to Pathogens and Tumors (Vol. 4, pp. 441-450). Elsevier Inc.. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-374279-7.17008-0