Cell Apoptosis and Autophagy in Renal Fibrosis

Xing Chen Zhao, Man J. Livingston, Xin Ling Liang, Zheng Dong

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Renal fibrosis is the final common pathway of all chronic kidney diseases progressing to end-stage renal diseases. Autophagy, a highly conserved lysosomal degradation pathway, plays important roles in maintaining cellular homeostasis in all major types of kidney cells including renal tubular cells as well as podocytes, mesangial cells and endothelial cells in glomeruli. Autophagy dysfunction is implicated in the pathogenesis of various renal pathologies. Here, we analyze the pathological role and regulation of autophagy in renal fibrosis and related kidney diseases in both glomeruli and tubulointerstitial compartments. Further research is expected to gain significant mechanistic insights and discover pathway-specific and kidney-selective therapies targeting autophagy to prevent renal fibrosis and related kidney diseases.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationAdvances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
PublisherSpringer New York LLC
Pages557-584
Number of pages28
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2019

Publication series

NameAdvances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
Volume1165
ISSN (Print)0065-2598
ISSN (Electronic)2214-8019

    Fingerprint

Keywords

  • Acute kidney injury
  • Autophagy
  • Diabetic kidney disease
  • Focal segmental glomerulosclerosis
  • Podocytes
  • Proximal tubular epithelial cells
  • Renal fibrosis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)

Cite this

Zhao, X. C., Livingston, M. J., Liang, X. L., & Dong, Z. (2019). Cell Apoptosis and Autophagy in Renal Fibrosis. In Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology (pp. 557-584). (Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology; Vol. 1165). Springer New York LLC. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-13-8871-2_28