Cervical cancer incidence in the United States in the US-Mexico border region, 1998-2003

Steven Scott Coughlin, Thomas B. Richards, Kiumarss Nasseri, Nancy S. Weiss, Charles L. Wiggins, Mona Saraiya, David G. Stinchcomb, Veronica M. Vensor, Carrie M. Nielson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

19 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

BACKGROUND. Cervical cancer mortality rates have declined in the United States, primarily because of Papanicolaou testing. However, limited information is available about the incidence of the disease in the US-Mexico border region, where some of the poorest counties in the United States are located. This study was undertaken to help compare the patterns of cervical cancer incidence among women in the US-Mexico border region and other parts of the United States. METHODS. Age-adjusted cervical cancer incidence rates for border counties in the states bordering Mexico (California, Arizona, New Mexico, Texas) for the years 1998 to 2003 were compared with the rates for nonborder counties of the border states and with those of nonborder states. Differences were examined by age, race, ethnicity, rural residence, educational attainment, poverty, migration, stage of disease, and histology. RESULTS. Overall, Hispanic women had almost twice the cervical cancer incidence of non-Hispanic women in border counties, and Hispanic women in the border states had higher rates than did non-Hispanic women in nonborder states. In contrast, cervical cancer incidence rates among black women in the border counties were lower than those among black women in the nonborder states. Among white women, however, incidence rates were higher among those in nonborder states. Differences in cervical cancer incidence rates by geographic locality were also evident by age, urban/rural residence, migration from outside the United States, and stage of disease. CONCLUSIONS. Disparities in cervical cancer incidence in the US-Mexico border counties, when the incidence is compared with that of other counties and geographic regions, are evident. Of particular concern are the higher rates of latestage cervical cancer diagnosed among women in the border states, especially because such cervical cancer is preventable.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2964-2973
Number of pages10
JournalCancer
Volume113
Issue number10 SUPPL.
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 15 2008

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Mexico
Uterine Cervical Neoplasms
Incidence
Hispanic Americans
Population Dynamics
Poverty
Histology
Mortality

Keywords

  • Cervical cancer
  • Healthcare access
  • Hispanics
  • Incidence

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

Cite this

Coughlin, S. S., Richards, T. B., Nasseri, K., Weiss, N. S., Wiggins, C. L., Saraiya, M., ... Nielson, C. M. (2008). Cervical cancer incidence in the United States in the US-Mexico border region, 1998-2003. Cancer, 113(10 SUPPL.), 2964-2973. https://doi.org/10.1002/cncr.23748

Cervical cancer incidence in the United States in the US-Mexico border region, 1998-2003. / Coughlin, Steven Scott; Richards, Thomas B.; Nasseri, Kiumarss; Weiss, Nancy S.; Wiggins, Charles L.; Saraiya, Mona; Stinchcomb, David G.; Vensor, Veronica M.; Nielson, Carrie M.

In: Cancer, Vol. 113, No. 10 SUPPL., 15.11.2008, p. 2964-2973.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Coughlin, SS, Richards, TB, Nasseri, K, Weiss, NS, Wiggins, CL, Saraiya, M, Stinchcomb, DG, Vensor, VM & Nielson, CM 2008, 'Cervical cancer incidence in the United States in the US-Mexico border region, 1998-2003', Cancer, vol. 113, no. 10 SUPPL., pp. 2964-2973. https://doi.org/10.1002/cncr.23748
Coughlin SS, Richards TB, Nasseri K, Weiss NS, Wiggins CL, Saraiya M et al. Cervical cancer incidence in the United States in the US-Mexico border region, 1998-2003. Cancer. 2008 Nov 15;113(10 SUPPL.):2964-2973. https://doi.org/10.1002/cncr.23748
Coughlin, Steven Scott ; Richards, Thomas B. ; Nasseri, Kiumarss ; Weiss, Nancy S. ; Wiggins, Charles L. ; Saraiya, Mona ; Stinchcomb, David G. ; Vensor, Veronica M. ; Nielson, Carrie M. / Cervical cancer incidence in the United States in the US-Mexico border region, 1998-2003. In: Cancer. 2008 ; Vol. 113, No. 10 SUPPL. pp. 2964-2973.
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abstract = "BACKGROUND. Cervical cancer mortality rates have declined in the United States, primarily because of Papanicolaou testing. However, limited information is available about the incidence of the disease in the US-Mexico border region, where some of the poorest counties in the United States are located. This study was undertaken to help compare the patterns of cervical cancer incidence among women in the US-Mexico border region and other parts of the United States. METHODS. Age-adjusted cervical cancer incidence rates for border counties in the states bordering Mexico (California, Arizona, New Mexico, Texas) for the years 1998 to 2003 were compared with the rates for nonborder counties of the border states and with those of nonborder states. Differences were examined by age, race, ethnicity, rural residence, educational attainment, poverty, migration, stage of disease, and histology. RESULTS. Overall, Hispanic women had almost twice the cervical cancer incidence of non-Hispanic women in border counties, and Hispanic women in the border states had higher rates than did non-Hispanic women in nonborder states. In contrast, cervical cancer incidence rates among black women in the border counties were lower than those among black women in the nonborder states. Among white women, however, incidence rates were higher among those in nonborder states. Differences in cervical cancer incidence rates by geographic locality were also evident by age, urban/rural residence, migration from outside the United States, and stage of disease. CONCLUSIONS. Disparities in cervical cancer incidence in the US-Mexico border counties, when the incidence is compared with that of other counties and geographic regions, are evident. Of particular concern are the higher rates of latestage cervical cancer diagnosed among women in the border states, especially because such cervical cancer is preventable.",
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AU - Weiss, Nancy S.

AU - Wiggins, Charles L.

AU - Saraiya, Mona

AU - Stinchcomb, David G.

AU - Vensor, Veronica M.

AU - Nielson, Carrie M.

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N2 - BACKGROUND. Cervical cancer mortality rates have declined in the United States, primarily because of Papanicolaou testing. However, limited information is available about the incidence of the disease in the US-Mexico border region, where some of the poorest counties in the United States are located. This study was undertaken to help compare the patterns of cervical cancer incidence among women in the US-Mexico border region and other parts of the United States. METHODS. Age-adjusted cervical cancer incidence rates for border counties in the states bordering Mexico (California, Arizona, New Mexico, Texas) for the years 1998 to 2003 were compared with the rates for nonborder counties of the border states and with those of nonborder states. Differences were examined by age, race, ethnicity, rural residence, educational attainment, poverty, migration, stage of disease, and histology. RESULTS. Overall, Hispanic women had almost twice the cervical cancer incidence of non-Hispanic women in border counties, and Hispanic women in the border states had higher rates than did non-Hispanic women in nonborder states. In contrast, cervical cancer incidence rates among black women in the border counties were lower than those among black women in the nonborder states. Among white women, however, incidence rates were higher among those in nonborder states. Differences in cervical cancer incidence rates by geographic locality were also evident by age, urban/rural residence, migration from outside the United States, and stage of disease. CONCLUSIONS. Disparities in cervical cancer incidence in the US-Mexico border counties, when the incidence is compared with that of other counties and geographic regions, are evident. Of particular concern are the higher rates of latestage cervical cancer diagnosed among women in the border states, especially because such cervical cancer is preventable.

AB - BACKGROUND. Cervical cancer mortality rates have declined in the United States, primarily because of Papanicolaou testing. However, limited information is available about the incidence of the disease in the US-Mexico border region, where some of the poorest counties in the United States are located. This study was undertaken to help compare the patterns of cervical cancer incidence among women in the US-Mexico border region and other parts of the United States. METHODS. Age-adjusted cervical cancer incidence rates for border counties in the states bordering Mexico (California, Arizona, New Mexico, Texas) for the years 1998 to 2003 were compared with the rates for nonborder counties of the border states and with those of nonborder states. Differences were examined by age, race, ethnicity, rural residence, educational attainment, poverty, migration, stage of disease, and histology. RESULTS. Overall, Hispanic women had almost twice the cervical cancer incidence of non-Hispanic women in border counties, and Hispanic women in the border states had higher rates than did non-Hispanic women in nonborder states. In contrast, cervical cancer incidence rates among black women in the border counties were lower than those among black women in the nonborder states. Among white women, however, incidence rates were higher among those in nonborder states. Differences in cervical cancer incidence rates by geographic locality were also evident by age, urban/rural residence, migration from outside the United States, and stage of disease. CONCLUSIONS. Disparities in cervical cancer incidence in the US-Mexico border counties, when the incidence is compared with that of other counties and geographic regions, are evident. Of particular concern are the higher rates of latestage cervical cancer diagnosed among women in the border states, especially because such cervical cancer is preventable.

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KW - Hispanics

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