Changes in the adrenal cortex of the rat after chronic administration of the steroidogenic inhibitor U-8113

Mohamed M.H. Sharawy, David P. Penney, Thomas R. Dirksen, Kathy Averill

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

In concert with studies of the effects of various pharmacologic inhibitors of corticosteroidogenesis on adrenocortical morphology, U-8113, an analog of amphenone B, was administered daily to Sprague-Dawley rats for 7, 14, 21 or 30 days. The primary morphological responses involved increases in adrenal weight, width of zona fasciculata, width of zona reticularis, intracellular lipids, mitochondrial size, mitochondrial vacuolation and crystalline-like inclusions, small coated vesicles, lysosomes, autophagic vacuoles and cholesterol ester clefts. In particular, the increases in lysosomes, coated vesicles and autophagic vacuoles containing morphologically altered mitochondria were considered reflective of mechanisms designed to maintain cellular integrity amidst functional impairment. Lipid analysis revealed marked increases in cholesterol esters and phospholipids, supportive of morphological observations. When permitted a 14 day recovery period following either 14 or 30 days of inhibitor therapy, most fine structural alterations and lipid derangements were diminished, and the cells approximated normal parameters.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)123-134
Number of pages12
JournalCell and Tissue Research
Volume190
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 1978

Keywords

  • Adrenal
  • Inihibitor
  • Steroidogenesis
  • Ultrastructure

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine
  • Histology
  • Cell Biology

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