Changing paradigms in the management of 2184 patients with traumatic brain injury

Bellal Joseph, Ansab A. Haider, Viraj Pandit, Andrew Tang, Narong Kulvatunyou, Terence OKeeffe, Peter Rhee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objectives: The aim of this study was to assess the change in trends in the management of traumatic brain injury (TBI) at a level I trauma center and the utilization of resources as a result of this change in management. Background: The management of TBI has been evolving with trends toward management of minimally injured patients with intracranial hemorrhage exclusively by trauma surgeons. Methods: A 5-year (2009-2014) prospective database on all patients with TBI (skull fracture/intracranial hemorrhage on head computed tomography) presenting to a level I trauma center was analyzed for patient demographics, injuries, admission physiology, computed tomographic scan results, and hospital outcomes. These records were matched to the institutional registry and hospital financial database. Results: A total of 2184 patients were included with median (interquartile range) Glasgow Coma Scale score of 15 (12-15), and median (interquartile range) head-abbreviated injury scale score of 3 (2-4). The distribution of types and size of intracranial bleeds remained unchanged throughout the study period. The proportion of TBI managed exclusively by trauma surgeons increased significantly over the years from 6.8% to 40.1% (P < 0.001). Proportion of patients who received neurosurgical consultations (P < 0.001) and repeat head computed tomographic scans (P < 0.001), hospital length of stay (P = 0.028), and costs (P < 0.001) decreased significantly over time. The overall mortality rate (18.5%) and rate of intervention (14.1%) remained unchanged. Conclusions: TBI patients can be selectively managed without initially involving neurosurgeons safely in a cost-effective manner, resulting in more effective use of precious resources.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)440-446
Number of pages7
JournalAnnals of Surgery
Volume262
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2015
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Intracranial Hemorrhages
Trauma Centers
Length of Stay
Wounds and Injuries
Head
Abbreviated Injury Scale
Databases
Skull Fractures
Costs and Cost Analysis
Glasgow Coma Scale
Craniocerebral Trauma
Registries
Traumatic Brain Injury
Referral and Consultation
Tomography
Demography
Mortality
Surgeons
Neurosurgeons

Keywords

  • Acute care surgeons
  • Brain injury guidelines
  • Changing management
  • Changing trends in traumatic brain injury
  • Neurosurgical consultation
  • No repeat scans
  • Repeat CT scans
  • Traumatic brain injury

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery

Cite this

Joseph, B., Haider, A. A., Pandit, V., Tang, A., Kulvatunyou, N., OKeeffe, T., & Rhee, P. (2015). Changing paradigms in the management of 2184 patients with traumatic brain injury. Annals of Surgery, 262(3), 440-446. https://doi.org/10.1097/SLA.0000000000001418

Changing paradigms in the management of 2184 patients with traumatic brain injury. / Joseph, Bellal; Haider, Ansab A.; Pandit, Viraj; Tang, Andrew; Kulvatunyou, Narong; OKeeffe, Terence; Rhee, Peter.

In: Annals of Surgery, Vol. 262, No. 3, 01.09.2015, p. 440-446.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Joseph, B, Haider, AA, Pandit, V, Tang, A, Kulvatunyou, N, OKeeffe, T & Rhee, P 2015, 'Changing paradigms in the management of 2184 patients with traumatic brain injury', Annals of Surgery, vol. 262, no. 3, pp. 440-446. https://doi.org/10.1097/SLA.0000000000001418
Joseph, Bellal ; Haider, Ansab A. ; Pandit, Viraj ; Tang, Andrew ; Kulvatunyou, Narong ; OKeeffe, Terence ; Rhee, Peter. / Changing paradigms in the management of 2184 patients with traumatic brain injury. In: Annals of Surgery. 2015 ; Vol. 262, No. 3. pp. 440-446.
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