Changing pattern of esophageal cancer incidence in New Mexico

A 30-year evaluation

Kenneth J Vega, M. Mazen Jamal, Charles L. Wiggins

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background and Aim: The incidence of esophageal adenocarcinoma has increased over the last 30 years, especially in non-Hispanic whites (nHw). Recent work indicates an increase in Hispanic Americans (HA). It is important to understand the effect of ethnicity on cancer occurrence over a prolonged interval. Methods: We searched the New Mexico Tumor Registry for all cases of esophageal cancer from 1 January 1973 to 31 December 2002. Inclusion criteria were histologic diagnosis of adenocarcinoma or squamous cell carcinoma, ethnicity and gender. Incidence rates for both were compared among ethnic groups in 5-year intervals. Results: Nine hundred eighty-eight patients met the criteria. Esophageal adenocarcinoma incidence rates/100,000 population increased significantly over 30 years; 1973-1977, 0.4 cases; 1978-1982, 0.4 cases; 1983-1987, 0.6 cases; 1988-1992, 1.2 cases, 1993-1997, 1.6 cases and 1998-2002, 2.2 cases; P < 0.001. Squamous cell carcinoma incidence rates remained unchanged during the interval. In nHw and HA, adenocarcinoma incidence rates increased significantly during the study period. In all minority groups, squamous cell carcinoma remained the major type. Conclusions: Esophageal adenocarcinoma incidence among nHw and HA increased from 1973 to 2002 in New Mexico. Squamous cell carcinoma remains predominant in minorities. Ethnicity may influence the histology or indicate an increased risk for certain types of esophageal cancer.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1622-1626
Number of pages5
JournalDigestive Diseases and Sciences
Volume55
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2010

Fingerprint

Esophageal Neoplasms
Adenocarcinoma
Squamous Cell Carcinoma
Incidence
Hispanic Americans
Minority Groups
Ethnic Groups
Registries
Neoplasms
Histology
Population

Keywords

  • Adenocarcinoma of the esophagus
  • Esophageal cancer
  • Ethnicity
  • Race
  • Squamous cell carcinoma of the esophagus

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Gastroenterology

Cite this

Changing pattern of esophageal cancer incidence in New Mexico : A 30-year evaluation. / Vega, Kenneth J; Jamal, M. Mazen; Wiggins, Charles L.

In: Digestive Diseases and Sciences, Vol. 55, No. 6, 01.06.2010, p. 1622-1626.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Vega, Kenneth J ; Jamal, M. Mazen ; Wiggins, Charles L. / Changing pattern of esophageal cancer incidence in New Mexico : A 30-year evaluation. In: Digestive Diseases and Sciences. 2010 ; Vol. 55, No. 6. pp. 1622-1626.
@article{61fa8fccedd5406dadd500660cc3ed58,
title = "Changing pattern of esophageal cancer incidence in New Mexico: A 30-year evaluation",
abstract = "Background and Aim: The incidence of esophageal adenocarcinoma has increased over the last 30 years, especially in non-Hispanic whites (nHw). Recent work indicates an increase in Hispanic Americans (HA). It is important to understand the effect of ethnicity on cancer occurrence over a prolonged interval. Methods: We searched the New Mexico Tumor Registry for all cases of esophageal cancer from 1 January 1973 to 31 December 2002. Inclusion criteria were histologic diagnosis of adenocarcinoma or squamous cell carcinoma, ethnicity and gender. Incidence rates for both were compared among ethnic groups in 5-year intervals. Results: Nine hundred eighty-eight patients met the criteria. Esophageal adenocarcinoma incidence rates/100,000 population increased significantly over 30 years; 1973-1977, 0.4 cases; 1978-1982, 0.4 cases; 1983-1987, 0.6 cases; 1988-1992, 1.2 cases, 1993-1997, 1.6 cases and 1998-2002, 2.2 cases; P < 0.001. Squamous cell carcinoma incidence rates remained unchanged during the interval. In nHw and HA, adenocarcinoma incidence rates increased significantly during the study period. In all minority groups, squamous cell carcinoma remained the major type. Conclusions: Esophageal adenocarcinoma incidence among nHw and HA increased from 1973 to 2002 in New Mexico. Squamous cell carcinoma remains predominant in minorities. Ethnicity may influence the histology or indicate an increased risk for certain types of esophageal cancer.",
keywords = "Adenocarcinoma of the esophagus, Esophageal cancer, Ethnicity, Race, Squamous cell carcinoma of the esophagus",
author = "Vega, {Kenneth J} and Jamal, {M. Mazen} and Wiggins, {Charles L.}",
year = "2010",
month = "6",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1007/s10620-009-0918-x",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "55",
pages = "1622--1626",
journal = "Digestive Diseases and Sciences",
issn = "0163-2116",
publisher = "Springer New York",
number = "6",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Changing pattern of esophageal cancer incidence in New Mexico

T2 - A 30-year evaluation

AU - Vega, Kenneth J

AU - Jamal, M. Mazen

AU - Wiggins, Charles L.

PY - 2010/6/1

Y1 - 2010/6/1

N2 - Background and Aim: The incidence of esophageal adenocarcinoma has increased over the last 30 years, especially in non-Hispanic whites (nHw). Recent work indicates an increase in Hispanic Americans (HA). It is important to understand the effect of ethnicity on cancer occurrence over a prolonged interval. Methods: We searched the New Mexico Tumor Registry for all cases of esophageal cancer from 1 January 1973 to 31 December 2002. Inclusion criteria were histologic diagnosis of adenocarcinoma or squamous cell carcinoma, ethnicity and gender. Incidence rates for both were compared among ethnic groups in 5-year intervals. Results: Nine hundred eighty-eight patients met the criteria. Esophageal adenocarcinoma incidence rates/100,000 population increased significantly over 30 years; 1973-1977, 0.4 cases; 1978-1982, 0.4 cases; 1983-1987, 0.6 cases; 1988-1992, 1.2 cases, 1993-1997, 1.6 cases and 1998-2002, 2.2 cases; P < 0.001. Squamous cell carcinoma incidence rates remained unchanged during the interval. In nHw and HA, adenocarcinoma incidence rates increased significantly during the study period. In all minority groups, squamous cell carcinoma remained the major type. Conclusions: Esophageal adenocarcinoma incidence among nHw and HA increased from 1973 to 2002 in New Mexico. Squamous cell carcinoma remains predominant in minorities. Ethnicity may influence the histology or indicate an increased risk for certain types of esophageal cancer.

AB - Background and Aim: The incidence of esophageal adenocarcinoma has increased over the last 30 years, especially in non-Hispanic whites (nHw). Recent work indicates an increase in Hispanic Americans (HA). It is important to understand the effect of ethnicity on cancer occurrence over a prolonged interval. Methods: We searched the New Mexico Tumor Registry for all cases of esophageal cancer from 1 January 1973 to 31 December 2002. Inclusion criteria were histologic diagnosis of adenocarcinoma or squamous cell carcinoma, ethnicity and gender. Incidence rates for both were compared among ethnic groups in 5-year intervals. Results: Nine hundred eighty-eight patients met the criteria. Esophageal adenocarcinoma incidence rates/100,000 population increased significantly over 30 years; 1973-1977, 0.4 cases; 1978-1982, 0.4 cases; 1983-1987, 0.6 cases; 1988-1992, 1.2 cases, 1993-1997, 1.6 cases and 1998-2002, 2.2 cases; P < 0.001. Squamous cell carcinoma incidence rates remained unchanged during the interval. In nHw and HA, adenocarcinoma incidence rates increased significantly during the study period. In all minority groups, squamous cell carcinoma remained the major type. Conclusions: Esophageal adenocarcinoma incidence among nHw and HA increased from 1973 to 2002 in New Mexico. Squamous cell carcinoma remains predominant in minorities. Ethnicity may influence the histology or indicate an increased risk for certain types of esophageal cancer.

KW - Adenocarcinoma of the esophagus

KW - Esophageal cancer

KW - Ethnicity

KW - Race

KW - Squamous cell carcinoma of the esophagus

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=77954426745&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=77954426745&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1007/s10620-009-0918-x

DO - 10.1007/s10620-009-0918-x

M3 - Article

VL - 55

SP - 1622

EP - 1626

JO - Digestive Diseases and Sciences

JF - Digestive Diseases and Sciences

SN - 0163-2116

IS - 6

ER -