Characterization of mutations in patients with autoimmune polyglandular syndrome type 1 (APS1)

Cong Yi Wang, Abdoreza Davoodi-Semiromi, Wei Huang, Ellen Connor, Jing Da Shi, Jin-Xiong She

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

Autoimmune polyglandular syndrome type 1 (APS1), also known as autoimmune polyendocrinopathy candidiasis ectodermal dystrophy (APECED), is an autosomal recessive disorder characterized by the failure of several endocrine glands as well as nonendocrine organs. The autoimmune regulator (AIRE) gene responsible for APS1 on chromosome 21q22.3 has recently been identified. Here, we have characterized mutations in the AIRE gene by direct DNA sequencing in 16 unrelated APS1 families ascertained mainly from the USA. Our analyses identified four different mutations (a 13-bp deletion, a 2-bp insertion, one nonsense mutation, and one potential splice/donor site mutation) that are likely to be pathogenic. Fifty-six percent (9/16) of the patients contained at least one copy of a 13-bp deletion (1094-1106del) in exon 8 (seven homozygotes and two compound heterozygotes). A nonsense mutation (R257X) in exon 6 was also found in 31.3% (5/16) of the USA patients. These data are important for genetic diagnosis and counseling for families with autoimmune endocrine syndromes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)681-685
Number of pages5
JournalHuman Genetics
Volume103
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 1998

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Autoimmune Polyendocrinopathies
Mutation
Nonsense Codon
Regulator Genes
Exons
Endocrine Glands
RNA Splice Sites
Genetic Counseling
Homozygote
Heterozygote
DNA Sequence Analysis
Chromosomes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics
  • Genetics(clinical)

Cite this

Characterization of mutations in patients with autoimmune polyglandular syndrome type 1 (APS1). / Wang, Cong Yi; Davoodi-Semiromi, Abdoreza; Huang, Wei; Connor, Ellen; Shi, Jing Da; She, Jin-Xiong.

In: Human Genetics, Vol. 103, No. 6, 01.12.1998, p. 681-685.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Wang, Cong Yi ; Davoodi-Semiromi, Abdoreza ; Huang, Wei ; Connor, Ellen ; Shi, Jing Da ; She, Jin-Xiong. / Characterization of mutations in patients with autoimmune polyglandular syndrome type 1 (APS1). In: Human Genetics. 1998 ; Vol. 103, No. 6. pp. 681-685.
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