Chemical Analysis of Organotypic Cultures of Mouse Spinal Cord in Normal, Demyelinative, and Nondemyelinative Conditions

German A. Roth, Robert K Yu, Murray B. Bornstein

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

24 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Abstract: Several biochemical parameters were analyzed in cultured embryonic mouse spinal cord during various stages of normal myelinogenesis or demyelination. In cultures demyelinated by exposure to anti‐whole CNS tissue serum plus complement, the activity of 2′,3′‐cyclic nucleotide 3′‐phosphohydrolase (EC 3.1.4.37) was decreased 70%, whereas in cultures that did not show morphological changes with complement‐inactivated anti‐CNS serum or anti‐myelin basic protein serum, the activity was 30% lower than in control cultures. The lipid composition of these cultures was quantitated by means of high‐performance thin‐layer chromatography densitometry technique. Cultures with normal nutrient medium alone or with the addition of 5% normal rabbit serum plus 10% guinea pig serum had 30% of the total lipid content of that present in newborn mouse spinal cord of the corresponding age. There were, however, relatively more lysophospholipids, cholesterol esters, triglycerides, and free fatty acids and less phosphatidylethanolamine and galactolipids in cultures as compared with normal spinal cord. Explants demyelinated by exposure to anti‐CNS serum plus complement demonstrated principally a 70% decrease in the content of galactolipids with respect to normal cultures. When complement was inactivated, total lipids increased 42% (with increases of 40–70% in individual lipids). Inclusion of anti‐myelin basic protein serum plus complement in the medium produced no significant changes in the lipid composition of the cultures.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1710-1717
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Neurochemistry
Volume41
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1983
Externally publishedYes

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Spinal Cord
Lipids
Galactolipids
Serum
Chemical analysis
Blood Proteins
Complement C2
Lysophospholipids
Densitometry
Cholesterol Esters
Demyelinating Diseases
Chromatography
Nonesterified Fatty Acids
Nutrients
Guinea Pigs
Triglycerides
Nucleotides
Tissue
Rabbits
Food

Keywords

  • 2′,3′‐Cyclic nucleotide 3′‐phosphohydrolase
  • Demyelination
  • Experimental allergic encephalomyelitis
  • Lipids
  • Mouse spinal cord
  • Organotypic tissue culture

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience

Cite this

Chemical Analysis of Organotypic Cultures of Mouse Spinal Cord in Normal, Demyelinative, and Nondemyelinative Conditions. / Roth, German A.; Yu, Robert K; Bornstein, Murray B.

In: Journal of Neurochemistry, Vol. 41, No. 6, 01.01.1983, p. 1710-1717.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AB - Abstract: Several biochemical parameters were analyzed in cultured embryonic mouse spinal cord during various stages of normal myelinogenesis or demyelination. In cultures demyelinated by exposure to anti‐whole CNS tissue serum plus complement, the activity of 2′,3′‐cyclic nucleotide 3′‐phosphohydrolase (EC 3.1.4.37) was decreased 70%, whereas in cultures that did not show morphological changes with complement‐inactivated anti‐CNS serum or anti‐myelin basic protein serum, the activity was 30% lower than in control cultures. The lipid composition of these cultures was quantitated by means of high‐performance thin‐layer chromatography densitometry technique. Cultures with normal nutrient medium alone or with the addition of 5% normal rabbit serum plus 10% guinea pig serum had 30% of the total lipid content of that present in newborn mouse spinal cord of the corresponding age. There were, however, relatively more lysophospholipids, cholesterol esters, triglycerides, and free fatty acids and less phosphatidylethanolamine and galactolipids in cultures as compared with normal spinal cord. Explants demyelinated by exposure to anti‐CNS serum plus complement demonstrated principally a 70% decrease in the content of galactolipids with respect to normal cultures. When complement was inactivated, total lipids increased 42% (with increases of 40–70% in individual lipids). Inclusion of anti‐myelin basic protein serum plus complement in the medium produced no significant changes in the lipid composition of the cultures.

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