During continuous culture of neural PC12 cells, we obtained a drug-hypersensitive PC12 mutant cell that showed high stimulation of neurite outgrowth by various drugs. When several Chinese medicines such as Shu-Jing-Huo-Xie-Tang and Wu-Ling-San were provided to these PC12 mutant cells, the frequency of nerve growth factor (NGF)-induced neurite outgrowth increased approximately 30-fold compared to NGF alone. Neurite outgrowth induced by NGF in PC12 cells is accompanied by sustained activation of mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK); however, these Chinese medicines did not induce MAPK activity. The findings thus indicate that certain Chinese medicines may induce neurite outgrowth by a novel mechanism which is distinct from the NGF-activated pathway in PC12 mutant cells.
- Chinese Medicine
- Neurite Outgrowth
- PC12 Mutant Cells
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Complementary and alternative medicine