Urovysion fluorescence in situ hybridization (UVFISH) identifies malignant cells in urine by detecting specific urothelial carcinoma-related chromosomal abnormalities. Some renal carcinomas (RCCs) share overlapping chromosomal aberrations with urothelial carcinoma. Malignant renal cells that are shed in urine can potentially cause a positive UVFISH result. We evaluated UVFISH in RCCs to determine its potential applicability to the diagnosis and grading of RCCs. Paraffin blocks from 39 RCCs (25 clear cell, 9 papillary, 2 chromophobe, and 3 sarcomatoid) and 15 controls (5 renal oncocytomas and 10 urothelial carcinomas) were tested. Of the RCCs, 15 (40%) were UVFISH-positive (9/25 [40%] clear cell, 3/9 [30%] papillary, 1/2 [50%] chromophobe, and 2/3 [67%] sarcomatoid carcinoma) and 24 (60%) were negative. Of the 15 controls, 8 (∼50%) were UVFISH-positive (2/5 [40%] oncocytomas and 6/10 [60%] urothelial carcinomas) and 7 (∼50%) were UVFISH-negative. Polysomy of chromosome 17 showed a statistically significant correlation with RCC subtype, being absent in most of the clear cell RCCs (P = .0096) compared with other RCCs. Polysomy of chromosome 7 was more frequent in high-grade than low-grade RCC (P = .0197) and more likely in high-grade clear cell than low-grade clear cell RCC (P = .0120). In conclusion, we showed that RCC has overlapping chromosomal abnormalities with urothelial carcinoma and can cause a positive UVFISH result. This has implications for the interpretation of Urovysion in patients whose urine contains malignant cells but who have negative cystoscopy and a concomitant renal mass. The chromosomal abnormalities observed in RCC are not distinct from those in urothelial carcinoma; therefore, UVFISH cannot distinguish these tumor types, nor can it type or grade RCC.
- Renal cell carcinoma
- Urovysion FISH
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pathology and Forensic Medicine