Farnesyltransferase inhibitors are a novel class of anticancer agents that competitively inhibit farnesyltransferase. Initially developed to inhibit the farnesylation that is necessary for Ras activation, their mechanism of action seems to be more complex, involving other proteins unrelated to Ras. Of the four classes of farnesyltransferase inhibitors, at least three agents have been investigated in hematologic malignancies. Tipifarnib (R-115777), an orally administered non-peptidomimetic farnesyltransferase inhibitor, has shown promising clinical activity. Preliminary results from clinical trials demonstrate enzyme target inhibition, an acceptable toxicity profile and promising evidence of clinical activity. Ongoing studies will better determine the mechanism of action of tipifarnib and the role of combination with other agents, defining its place in the therapeutic arsenal of hematologic disorders.
- Farnesyltransferase inhibitors
- Ras pathway
- Signal transduction
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pharmacology (medical)