Clinical validity of the test of gross motor development-3 in children with disabilities from the U.S. national normative sample

E. Andrew Pitchford, E. Kipling Webster

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

The Test of Gross Motor Development (TGMD) measures fundamental motor skills competency and is frequently used for eligibility determination of adapted physical education services in children with disabilities. The purpose of this study was to determine if the TGMD-3 is clinically sensitive to detect deficits in the fundamental motor skills of children with disabilities (i.e., intellectual disability, autism spectrum disorder, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, language and articulation disorders). Eighty-five children with disabilities and 85 matched controls (i.e., typically developing, individually matched on age, sex, ethnicity, and race) completed the TGMD-3. Mann–Whitney U tests identified significant differences in the total TGMD-3 scores for children with intellectual disability (p < .001), autism spectrum disorder (p < .001), and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (p = .032). No differences were identified for children with language and articulation disorders. Comparisons of subscales (i.e., locomotor and ball skills) differed across disability groups. This study provides evidence that the TGMD-3 is clinically sensitive to identify deficits in fundamental motor skills competency.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)62-78
Number of pages17
JournalAdapted Physical Activity Quarterly
Volume38
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 2021

Keywords

  • ADHD
  • Assessment/measurement of motor skills
  • Autism
  • Intellectual disability

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Clinical validity of the test of gross motor development-3 in children with disabilities from the U.S. national normative sample'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this