Patients with T-cell large granular lymphocyte (T-LGL) leukaemia and autoimmune lymphoproliferative syndrome (ALPS) share many features, including autoimmunity and an expansion of (cytotoxic) T cells, which in ALPS patients express an unusual (B220) isoform of CD45, corresponding to an altered O-glycosylation profile. Here we showed that T-LGL leukaemia cells also expressed this B220 isoform. We hypothesize that B220+ T cells constitute proliferating T cells that have become competent to undergo apoptosis, but that constitutive (ALPS) or functional (T-LGL) defects prevent this process. Altered O-glycosylation of the extracellular domains of CD45 may have consequences for this tyrosine phosphatase as a regulator of cell proliferation and survival.
- Autoimmune lymphoproliferative syndrome
- CD45 isoforms
- T-LGL leukaemia
ASJC Scopus subject areas