Comparative cost–utility analysis of postoperative discharge pathways following posterior spinal fusion for scoliosis in non-ambulatory cerebral palsy patients

K. Aaron Shaw, Vahé Heboyan, Nicholas D. Fletcher, Joshua S. Murphy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Purpose: Accelerated postoperative discharge (AD) pathways have demonstrated numerous benefits for patients with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis undergoing PSF. Although early evidence supports the application of AD pathways over more traditional discharge (TD) approaches for patients with neuromuscular scoliosis, the economic impact of these pathways has not been investigated. Methods: A decision-analysis model was constructed using a hypothetical 15-year-old male with non-ambulatory CP with a 65-degree thoracolumbar scoliosis and pelvic obliquity undergoing operative treatment with PSF from T2-pelvis with pedicle screw fixation. The literature was reviewed to estimate costs, probabilities, and quality-adjusted life years (QALYs)) for identified complication profiles for discharge pathways. QALYs were constructed using age-matched values for US population average, applying a CP diagnosis corrective value. A probabilistic sensitivity analysis was performed using a second-order Monte Carlo simulations. Incremental cost–utility ratio and incremental net monetary benefit (NMB) were calculated. One-way sensitivity analyses were performed by selective variable variation. Results: AD pathway resulted in an average cost and effectiveness of $67,069 and 15.4 QALYs compared with $81,312 and 15.4 QALYs for TD. AD resulted in a 2.1% greater NMB with a cost-effectiveness ratio of $4361/QALY compared with $5290/QALY in the TD. The cost-effectiveness of TD was inversely sensitive to implant cost variation while the AD maintained effectiveness despite cost variations. Conclusion: This cost–utility analysis demonstrated that the implementation of an AD pathway following PSF for non-ambulatory CP scoliosis is economically more effective, providing a 17.5% cost reduction with enhanced value of care evidenced by a 2.1% greater NMB over a TD pathway. The cost-effectiveness of the AD was maintained despite implant cost variations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalSpine Deformity
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2021

Keywords

  • Cerebral palsy
  • Cost-utility
  • Economic effectiveness
  • Neuromuscular scoliosis
  • Spinal fusion

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine

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