Comparison of borehole geophysics, CPT, resistivity, GPR, and high-resolution seismic data across a shallow structure in unconsolidated sediments

Tom J. Temples, Douglas Everett Wyatt, Michael G. Waddell

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper

Abstract

The geological characterization of the shallow subsurface in the unconsolidated sediments of the Atlantic Coastal Plain, and other unconsolidated sediment regimes, may involve faulting and channeling not readily detectable by conventional drilling and mapping. A knowledge of these features is required in environmental and geotechnical studies in areas that may have critical impact to groundwater flow and contaminant transport. In many cases, shallow structural influences are missed during site characterization. A case study is presented using ground penetrating radar (GPR) and high resolution seismic data, compared with a geological interpretation from borehole logs and core data, with Wenner and dipole-dipole resistivity data and with cone penetrometer (CPT) data in an area where shallow structure is probable and contamination exists. This study suggests that a correlation may be made for structures imaged by ground penetrating radar and high resolution seismic data. The additional information provided by Wenner and dipole-dipole resistivity surveys, when viewed separately from the other data sources, does not allow for an adequate picture of the shallow faulting. The data from the cone penetrometer (CPT) investigation, when compared to existing well data, did not define the nature of the shallow structures. A comparison of all of the techniques allows for the small scale shallow structures, imaged by the continuous techniques (GPR, seismic) to be compared with the non-continuous techniques (borings, CPT) used to define lithology. Since the various techniques have differing depths of investigation, an effective depth of influence of the shallow structures may be estimated.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages381-384
Number of pages4
StatePublished - Jan 1 1995
Externally publishedYes
Event1995 Society of Exploration Geophysicists Annual Meeting, SEG 1995 - Houston, United States
Duration: Oct 8 1995Oct 13 1995

Other

Other1995 Society of Exploration Geophysicists Annual Meeting, SEG 1995
CountryUnited States
CityHouston
Period10/8/9510/13/95

Fingerprint

borehole geophysics
penetrometers
radar resolution
penetrometer
ground penetrating radar
geophysics
boreholes
electrical resistivity
seismic data
cones
sediments
dipoles
high resolution
sediment
coastal plains
lithology
faulting
ground water
drilling
contaminants

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geophysics

Cite this

Temples, T. J., Wyatt, D. E., & Waddell, M. G. (1995). Comparison of borehole geophysics, CPT, resistivity, GPR, and high-resolution seismic data across a shallow structure in unconsolidated sediments. 381-384. Paper presented at 1995 Society of Exploration Geophysicists Annual Meeting, SEG 1995, Houston, United States.

Comparison of borehole geophysics, CPT, resistivity, GPR, and high-resolution seismic data across a shallow structure in unconsolidated sediments. / Temples, Tom J.; Wyatt, Douglas Everett; Waddell, Michael G.

1995. 381-384 Paper presented at 1995 Society of Exploration Geophysicists Annual Meeting, SEG 1995, Houston, United States.

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper

Temples, TJ, Wyatt, DE & Waddell, MG 1995, 'Comparison of borehole geophysics, CPT, resistivity, GPR, and high-resolution seismic data across a shallow structure in unconsolidated sediments' Paper presented at 1995 Society of Exploration Geophysicists Annual Meeting, SEG 1995, Houston, United States, 10/8/95 - 10/13/95, pp. 381-384.
Temples TJ, Wyatt DE, Waddell MG. Comparison of borehole geophysics, CPT, resistivity, GPR, and high-resolution seismic data across a shallow structure in unconsolidated sediments. 1995. Paper presented at 1995 Society of Exploration Geophysicists Annual Meeting, SEG 1995, Houston, United States.
Temples, Tom J. ; Wyatt, Douglas Everett ; Waddell, Michael G. / Comparison of borehole geophysics, CPT, resistivity, GPR, and high-resolution seismic data across a shallow structure in unconsolidated sediments. Paper presented at 1995 Society of Exploration Geophysicists Annual Meeting, SEG 1995, Houston, United States.4 p.
@conference{848ad76891204058be0b450d6b9f0ddb,
title = "Comparison of borehole geophysics, CPT, resistivity, GPR, and high-resolution seismic data across a shallow structure in unconsolidated sediments",
abstract = "The geological characterization of the shallow subsurface in the unconsolidated sediments of the Atlantic Coastal Plain, and other unconsolidated sediment regimes, may involve faulting and channeling not readily detectable by conventional drilling and mapping. A knowledge of these features is required in environmental and geotechnical studies in areas that may have critical impact to groundwater flow and contaminant transport. In many cases, shallow structural influences are missed during site characterization. A case study is presented using ground penetrating radar (GPR) and high resolution seismic data, compared with a geological interpretation from borehole logs and core data, with Wenner and dipole-dipole resistivity data and with cone penetrometer (CPT) data in an area where shallow structure is probable and contamination exists. This study suggests that a correlation may be made for structures imaged by ground penetrating radar and high resolution seismic data. The additional information provided by Wenner and dipole-dipole resistivity surveys, when viewed separately from the other data sources, does not allow for an adequate picture of the shallow faulting. The data from the cone penetrometer (CPT) investigation, when compared to existing well data, did not define the nature of the shallow structures. A comparison of all of the techniques allows for the small scale shallow structures, imaged by the continuous techniques (GPR, seismic) to be compared with the non-continuous techniques (borings, CPT) used to define lithology. Since the various techniques have differing depths of investigation, an effective depth of influence of the shallow structures may be estimated.",
author = "Temples, {Tom J.} and Wyatt, {Douglas Everett} and Waddell, {Michael G.}",
year = "1995",
month = "1",
day = "1",
language = "English (US)",
pages = "381--384",
note = "1995 Society of Exploration Geophysicists Annual Meeting, SEG 1995 ; Conference date: 08-10-1995 Through 13-10-1995",

}

TY - CONF

T1 - Comparison of borehole geophysics, CPT, resistivity, GPR, and high-resolution seismic data across a shallow structure in unconsolidated sediments

AU - Temples, Tom J.

AU - Wyatt, Douglas Everett

AU - Waddell, Michael G.

PY - 1995/1/1

Y1 - 1995/1/1

N2 - The geological characterization of the shallow subsurface in the unconsolidated sediments of the Atlantic Coastal Plain, and other unconsolidated sediment regimes, may involve faulting and channeling not readily detectable by conventional drilling and mapping. A knowledge of these features is required in environmental and geotechnical studies in areas that may have critical impact to groundwater flow and contaminant transport. In many cases, shallow structural influences are missed during site characterization. A case study is presented using ground penetrating radar (GPR) and high resolution seismic data, compared with a geological interpretation from borehole logs and core data, with Wenner and dipole-dipole resistivity data and with cone penetrometer (CPT) data in an area where shallow structure is probable and contamination exists. This study suggests that a correlation may be made for structures imaged by ground penetrating radar and high resolution seismic data. The additional information provided by Wenner and dipole-dipole resistivity surveys, when viewed separately from the other data sources, does not allow for an adequate picture of the shallow faulting. The data from the cone penetrometer (CPT) investigation, when compared to existing well data, did not define the nature of the shallow structures. A comparison of all of the techniques allows for the small scale shallow structures, imaged by the continuous techniques (GPR, seismic) to be compared with the non-continuous techniques (borings, CPT) used to define lithology. Since the various techniques have differing depths of investigation, an effective depth of influence of the shallow structures may be estimated.

AB - The geological characterization of the shallow subsurface in the unconsolidated sediments of the Atlantic Coastal Plain, and other unconsolidated sediment regimes, may involve faulting and channeling not readily detectable by conventional drilling and mapping. A knowledge of these features is required in environmental and geotechnical studies in areas that may have critical impact to groundwater flow and contaminant transport. In many cases, shallow structural influences are missed during site characterization. A case study is presented using ground penetrating radar (GPR) and high resolution seismic data, compared with a geological interpretation from borehole logs and core data, with Wenner and dipole-dipole resistivity data and with cone penetrometer (CPT) data in an area where shallow structure is probable and contamination exists. This study suggests that a correlation may be made for structures imaged by ground penetrating radar and high resolution seismic data. The additional information provided by Wenner and dipole-dipole resistivity surveys, when viewed separately from the other data sources, does not allow for an adequate picture of the shallow faulting. The data from the cone penetrometer (CPT) investigation, when compared to existing well data, did not define the nature of the shallow structures. A comparison of all of the techniques allows for the small scale shallow structures, imaged by the continuous techniques (GPR, seismic) to be compared with the non-continuous techniques (borings, CPT) used to define lithology. Since the various techniques have differing depths of investigation, an effective depth of influence of the shallow structures may be estimated.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85054387368&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85054387368&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Paper

AN - SCOPUS:85054387368

SP - 381

EP - 384

ER -