Purpose: The question of whether orthotopic neobladder (ONB) reconstruction is superior to ileal conduit diversion (ICD) with respect to health-related quality of life (HRQoL) remains controversial. The goal of this study is to perform a meta-analysis to compare post-ICD and post-ONB HRQoL in patients with bladder cancer. Methods: A systematic search of Medline, Embase, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, and the annual congress abstracts of the European Association of Urology (EAU), the American Urological Association (AUA) and the Société Internationale d’Urologie (SIU) up to June 2017 was conducted to identify all relevant clinical trials using validated questionnaires to assess HRQoL. A systematic review and meta-analysis were then performed. Results: A total of 2507 patients from 26 eligible studies were included. Meta-analyses showed significant differences favouring ONB patients in global health status (WMD + 9.13, p = 0.004), physical functioning (WMD + 11.57, p = 0.0001), role functioning (WMD + 9.64, p = 0.002), and social functioning (WMD + 6.81, p = 0.03) based on the EORTC-QLQ-C30 questionnaire and in the total score of FACT questionnaire (WMD + 6.80, p = 0.001). However, ONB patients were more likely to have postoperative urinary symptoms than ICD patients (WMD − 22.19, p = 0.0001). Conclusions: ONB patients are more likely to have a better global health status than ICD patients. Regardless of the type of urinary diversion (UD) surgery, a gradual improvement in HRQoL over preoperative status tended to stabilise after 12 months postoperatively.
- Bladder cancer
- Quality of life
- Urinary diversion
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health