Comparison of the effect of minocycline and simvastatin on functional recovery and gene expression in a rat traumatic brain injury model

Cole Vonder Haar, Gail D. Anderson, Brandy E. Elmore, Lynn H. Moore, Amanda M. Wright, Eric D. Kantor, Fred M. Farin, Theo K. Bammler, James W. Macdonald, Michael R. Hoane

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

14 Scopus citations

Abstract

The goal of this study was to compare the effects of minocycline and simvastatin on functional recovery and brain gene expression after a cortical contusion impact (CCI) injury. Dosage regimens were designed to provide serum concentrations in a rat model in the range obtained with clinically approved doses; minocycline 60 mg/kg q12h and simvastatin 10 mg/kg q12h for 72 h. Functional recovery was assessed using motor and spatial learning tasks and neuropathological measurements. Microarray-based transcriptional profiling was used to determine the effect on gene expression at 24 h, 72 h, and 7 days post-CCI. Gene Ontology analysis (GOA) was used to evaluate the effect on relevant biological pathways. Both minocycline and simvastatin improved fine motor function, but not gross motor or cognitive function. Minocycline modestly decreased lesion size with no effect of simvastatin. At 24 h post-CCI, GOA identified a significant effect of minocycline on chemotaxis, blood circulation, immune response, and cell to cell signaling pathways. Inflammatory pathways were affected by minocycline only at the 72 h time point. There was a minimal effect of simvastatin on gene expression 24 h after injury, with increasing effects at 72 h and 7 days. GOA identified a significant effect of simvastatin on inflammatory response at 72 h and 7 days. In conclusion, treatment with minocycline and simvastatin resulted in significant effects on gene expression in the brain reflecting adequate brain penetration without producing significant neurorestorative effects.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)961-975
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of Neurotrauma
Volume31
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - May 15 2014
Externally publishedYes

    Fingerprint

Keywords

  • cortical contusion injury model
  • gene expression
  • minocycline
  • simvastatin
  • traumatic brain injury

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology

Cite this

Vonder Haar, C., Anderson, G. D., Elmore, B. E., Moore, L. H., Wright, A. M., Kantor, E. D., Farin, F. M., Bammler, T. K., Macdonald, J. W., & Hoane, M. R. (2014). Comparison of the effect of minocycline and simvastatin on functional recovery and gene expression in a rat traumatic brain injury model. Journal of Neurotrauma, 31(10), 961-975. https://doi.org/10.1089/neu.2013.3119