Comparison of transcranial color Doppler imaging (TCDI) and transcranial Doppler (TCD) in children with sickle-cell anemia

A. M. Jones, J. J. Seibert, F. T. Nichols, D. L. Kinder, K. Cox, J. Luden, E. M. Carl, D. Brambilla, S. Saccente, R. J. Adams

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

43 Scopus citations


Background. Transcranial Doppler (TCD) has been demonstrated to identify those at highest risk of stroke among children with sickle-cell disease. Based on a randomized clinical trial [Stroke Prevention in Sickle-Cell Anemia Trial (STOP)], which ended in 1997, the National Heart Lung and Blood Division of NIH has recommended TCD screening and chronic blood transfusion based on Nicolet TC2000 dedicated Doppler (TCD). Studies performed using TCD imaging modalities need to be correlated to that used in the clinical trial to provide information for treatment decisions when screening with TCDI. Objective. To correlate transcranial arterial time-averaged mean velocities obtained from an Acuson Transcranial Doppler Imaging to those obtained using the TCD as the gold standard for treatment decisions based on STOP. Materials and methods. A total of 29 children with sickle-cell disease, age 3-16 years, were studied at one of two scanning sessions using both techniques and a scanning protocol based on that used in STOP performed and read independently. The average difference in the measured velocities for each arterial segment was tested to determine difference from zero. Differences were compared before and after modifications to the TCDI technique were made to mimic the STOP protocol more closely. Results. TCDI velocities were generally lower than TCD velocities for the same segment, but the difference was reduced (from 15% to 10% for the middle cerebral artery) by modifications to the TCDI protocol. Conclusions. Measurements using the Acuson system are modestly lower than those obtained with dedicated Doppler using the Nicolet TCD.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)461-469
Number of pages9
JournalPediatric Radiology
Issue number7
StatePublished - Jan 1 2001

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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