Comparison of two violence prevention curricula for middle school adolescents

Robert H. DuRant, Frank Treiber, Alan Getts, Karl McCloud, Charles W Linder, Elizabeth R. Woods

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

49 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: To compare the effectiveness of the Violence Prevention Curriculum for Adolescents to the Conflict Resolution: A Curriculum for Youth Providers among middle school students. Methods: A sample (N = 225) of adolescents (males = 48%) representing 20% of the student population in two middle schools were administered a pretest questionnaire. Of these students, 89% were African-American, 10% were white, and 1% were Native-American and lived in public housing (40%) or in neighborhoods adjacent to public housing (60%). Each school was randomly assigned to one of the curricula. Each curriculum was administered during 10 50-min sessions held twice a week over 5 weeks. One week later, 209 students who completed the 10 sessions were tested with the same questionnaire. The data were analyzed with a repeated- measures analysis of variance. Results: Students who received either curriculum reported significant decreases in their self-reported use of violence in hypothetical conflict situations, frequency of use of violence in the previous 30 days, and frequency of physical fights in the previous 30 days. The conflict resolution curriculum was more effective in reducing the frequency of fights resulting in an injury requiring medical treatment in the previous 30 days. Conclusions: Both curricula were successful in reducing three indicators of violence. However, the conflict resolution approach was more successful in reducing the frequency of more severe physical fights requiring medical treatment. The latter finding is of particular importance, because that physical fighting is the form of violence behavior in which young adolescents most often engage.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)111-117
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Adolescent Health
Volume19
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1996

Fingerprint

Violence
Curriculum
Students
Negotiating
Public Housing
North American Indians
African Americans
Analysis of Variance
Wounds and Injuries
Therapeutics
Population

Keywords

  • Fighting
  • Social cognitive theory
  • Violence prevention
  • Weapon carrying

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

Cite this

DuRant, R. H., Treiber, F., Getts, A., McCloud, K., Linder, C. W., & Woods, E. R. (1996). Comparison of two violence prevention curricula for middle school adolescents. Journal of Adolescent Health, 19(2), 111-117. https://doi.org/10.1016/1054-139X(96)00030-4

Comparison of two violence prevention curricula for middle school adolescents. / DuRant, Robert H.; Treiber, Frank; Getts, Alan; McCloud, Karl; Linder, Charles W; Woods, Elizabeth R.

In: Journal of Adolescent Health, Vol. 19, No. 2, 01.01.1996, p. 111-117.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

DuRant, RH, Treiber, F, Getts, A, McCloud, K, Linder, CW & Woods, ER 1996, 'Comparison of two violence prevention curricula for middle school adolescents', Journal of Adolescent Health, vol. 19, no. 2, pp. 111-117. https://doi.org/10.1016/1054-139X(96)00030-4
DuRant, Robert H. ; Treiber, Frank ; Getts, Alan ; McCloud, Karl ; Linder, Charles W ; Woods, Elizabeth R. / Comparison of two violence prevention curricula for middle school adolescents. In: Journal of Adolescent Health. 1996 ; Vol. 19, No. 2. pp. 111-117.
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