Comparison of Unsafe Driving Across Medical Conditions

Sanghee Moon, Maud Ranchet, Mark Tant, Abiodun E. Akinwuntan, Hannes Devos

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective To compare risks of unsafe driving in patients with medical conditions. Methods This large population-based study included all patients who were referred for a fitness-to-drive evaluation at an official driving evaluation center in 2013 and 2014. Risks of unsafe driving included physician's fitness-to-drive recommendation, comprehensive fitness-to-drive decision, motor vehicle crash history, and traffic violation history. Results A total of 6584 patients were included in the study. Risks of unsafe driving were significantly different across medical conditions (P<.001 for all outcome measures). Patients with neurological conditions comprised the majority of the database (4837; 74%), but were not at the highest risk for unsafe driving. Patients with psychiatric conditions or substance abuse did worse on most driving safety outcomes, despite their low representation in the total sample (359 [6%] and 46 [1%], respectively). Conclusion The risk of unsafe driving varied greatly across medical conditions. Sensitization campaigns, education, and medical guidelines for physicians and driver licensing authorities are warranted to identify patients at risk, especially for those with psychiatric conditions and substance abuse problems.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1341-1350
Number of pages10
JournalMayo Clinic Proceedings
Volume92
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2017

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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Moon, S., Ranchet, M., Tant, M., Akinwuntan, A. E., & Devos, H. (2017). Comparison of Unsafe Driving Across Medical Conditions. Mayo Clinic Proceedings, 92(9), 1341-1350. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.mayocp.2017.06.003