Complications of pediatric laryngotracheal reconstruction: Prevention strategies

Jeffrey P. Ludemann, Charles Anthony Hughes, Zehava Noah, Lauren D. Holinger

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

32 Scopus citations

Abstract

A retrospective chart review was performed to quantify the postoperative complications and outcomes of 82 consecutive cases of laryngotracheal reconstruction (LTR) and cricotracheal resection (CTR) performed at a pediatric tertiary care hospital over the last 9 years. Six cases of respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) bronchiolitis and 8 cases of cervical pseudomonal wound abscess (PWA) were identified in a total of 12 patients. All of these infections occurred after single-stage LTR or CTR. Both RSV bronchiolitis and PWA were associated with significantly more unexpected days of intubation and admission to the intensive care unit, as well as higher rates of failure of LTR. Ossification of the cricoid cartilage, grade IV subglottic stenosis, and untreated gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) were also associated with restenosis. Trisomy 21 did not significantly influence the success rate of pediatric LTR. Both RSV bronchiolitis and PWA are potentially preventable complications of pediatric LTR and CTR. We propose strategies to prevent these infections. We also advocate the treatment of GERD during the healing phase of LTR.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1019-1026
Number of pages8
JournalAnnals of Otology, Rhinology and Laryngology
Volume108
Issue number11 I
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 1999

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Keywords

  • Abscess
  • Bronchiolitis
  • Cricotracheal resection
  • Gastroesophageal reflux disease
  • Laryngotracheal reconstruction
  • Pseudomonas
  • Respiratory syncytial virus
  • Subglottic stenosis
  • Trisomy 21
  • Wound infection

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Otorhinolaryngology

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