Consistent distributed memory services: Resilience and effciency

Theophanis Hadjistasi, Alexander A. Schwarzmann

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Reading, 'Riting, and 'Rithmetic, the three R's underlying much of human intellectual activity, not surprisingly, also stand as a venerable foundation of modern computing technology. Indeed, both the Turing machine and von Neumann machine models operate by reading, writing, and computing, and all practical uniprocessor implementations are based on performing activities structured in terms of the three R's. With the advance of networking technology, communication became an additional major systemic activity. However, at a high level of abstraction, it is apparently still more natural to think in terms of reading, writing, and computing. While it is hard to imagine distributed systems-such as those implementing the World-Wide Web-without communication, we often imagine browser-based applications that operate by retrieving (i.e., reading) data, performing computation, and storing (i.e., writing) the results. In this article, we deal with the storage of shared readable and writable data in distributed systems that are subject to perturbations in the underlying distributed platforms composed of computers and networks that interconnect them. The perturbations may include permanent failures (or crashes) of individual computers, transient failures, and delays in the communication medium. The focus of this paper is on the implementations of distributed atomic memory services. Atomicity is a venerable notion of consistency, introduced in 1979 by Lamport [35]. To this day atomicity remains the most natural type of consistency because it provides an illusion of equivalence with the serial object type that software designers expect. We define the overall setting, models of computation, definition of atomic consistency, and measures of e ciency. We then present algorithms for single-writer settings in the static models. Then we move to presenting algorithms for multi-writer settings. For both static settings we discuss design issues, correctness, e ciency, and trade-o s. Lastly we survey the implementation issues in dynamic settings, where the universe of participants may completely change over time. Here the expectation is that solutions are found by integrating static algorithms with a reconfiguration framework so that during periods of relative stability one benefits from the e ciency of static algorithms, and where during the more turbulent times performance degrades gracefully when reconfigurations are needed. We describe the most important approaches and provide examples.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publication45th International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming, ICALP 2018
EditorsChristos Kaklamanis, Daniel Marx, Ioannis Chatzigiannakis, Donald Sannella
PublisherSchloss Dagstuhl- Leibniz-Zentrum fur Informatik GmbH, Dagstuhl Publishing
ISBN (Electronic)9783959770767
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2018
Externally publishedYes
Event45th International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming, ICALP 2018 - Prague, Czech Republic
Duration: Jul 9 2018Jul 13 2018

Publication series

NameLeibniz International Proceedings in Informatics, LIPIcs
Volume107
ISSN (Print)1868-8969

Other

Other45th International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming, ICALP 2018
CountryCzech Republic
CityPrague
Period7/9/187/13/18

Keywords

  • Fault-tolerance
  • Latency
  • Phrases Atomicity
  • Read/write objects
  • Shared-memory

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Software

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  • Cite this

    Hadjistasi, T., & Schwarzmann, A. A. (2018). Consistent distributed memory services: Resilience and effciency. In C. Kaklamanis, D. Marx, I. Chatzigiannakis, & D. Sannella (Eds.), 45th International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming, ICALP 2018 [1] (Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics, LIPIcs; Vol. 107). Schloss Dagstuhl- Leibniz-Zentrum fur Informatik GmbH, Dagstuhl Publishing. https://doi.org/10.4230/LIPIcs.ICALP.2018.1