This study used 16 h/day measurement of renal blood flow (RBF) and arterial pressure (AP) to determine the role of nitric oxide (NO) in mediating the renal vasodilation caused by onset of type 1 diabetes. The AP and RBF power spectra were used to determine the autoregulatory efficiency of the renal vasculature. Rats were instrumented with artery and vein catheters and a Transonic flow probe on the left renal artery and were divided randomly into four groups: control (C), diabetes (D), control plus nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME; CL), and diabetes plus L-NAME (DL). Mean AP averaged 90 ± 1 and 121 ± 1 mmHg in the D and DL groups, respectively, during the control period, and RBF averaged 5.9 ± 1.2 and 5.7 ± 0.7 ml/min, respectively. Respective C and CL groups were not different. Onset of diabetes (streptozotocin 40 mg/kg iv) in D rats increased RBF gradually, but it averaged 55% above control by day 14. In DL rats, on the other hand, RBF remained essentially constant, tracking with RBF in the nondiabetic C and CL groups for the 2-wk period. Diabetes did not change mean AP in any group. Transfer function analysis revealed impaired dynamic autoregulation of RBF overall, including the frequency range of tubuloglomerular feedback (TGF), and L-NAME completely prevented those changes as well. These data strongly support a role for NO in causing renal vasodilation in diabetes and suggest that an effect of NO to blunt RBF autoregulation may play an important role.
- Chronic animal models
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