Control of arterial pressure by angiotensin II and nitric oxide at the onset of diabetes

Michael W. Brands, Leslie J. Cloud

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations

Abstract

We have reported that the induction of diabetes in Nω-nitro-L-orginine methyl ester (L-NAME)-infused rats causes significant hypertension that is associated with increased plasma renin activity. This study tested the role of angiotensin II (Ang II) by clamping it chronically at baseline levels. The clamp consisted of an intravenous infusion of enalapril (10 mg/kg/d), which decreased mean arterial pressure (MAP) by ∼20 mm Hg after 3 days, and adding chronic Ang II at 4 ng/kg/min, which restored MAP to normal. Chronic L-NAME infusion increased MAP to 127 ± 1 and 132 ± 2 mm Hg in normal and clamped rats, respectively, and induction of diabetes (streptozotocin) increased MAP progressively in normal rats to 161 ± 8 mm Hg by day 12, whereas MAP in the clamped rats decreased progressively to 98 ± 5 mm Hg by day 12. In non-L-NAME rats, MAP averaged 95 ± 1 and 91 ± 1 mm Hg for normal and clamped groups, respectively, before diabetes, and MAP was 10 to 13 mm Hg lower in the clamped versus normal rats midway through the diabetic period. This suggests that Ang II is important for maintaining blood pressure at the onset of diabetes, possibly to compensate for renal volume losses. Angiotensin II also is required for the hypertension caused by induction of diabetes in rats with chronic blockade of nitric oxide synthesis, but whether this is due to increased volume sensitivity in L-NAME-treated, vasoconstricted rats remains to be determined.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)600-603
Number of pages4
JournalAmerican journal of hypertension
Volume16
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2003

Keywords

  • Diabetes
  • Hypertension
  • Nitric oxide
  • Renin-angiotensin system

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Internal Medicine

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