Control of plasma uric acid in adults at risk for tumor lysis syndrome: Efficacy and safety of rasburicase alone and rasburicase followed by allopurinol compared with allopurinol alone - Results of a multicenter phase III study

Jorge Cortes, Joseph O. Moore, Richard T. Maziarz, Meir Wetzler, Michael Craig, Jeffrey Matous, Selina Luger, Bimalangshu R. Dey, Gary J. Schiller, Dat Pham, Camille N. Abboud, Muthuswamy Krishnamurthy, Archie Brown, Abderrahmane Laadem, Karen Seiter

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112 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose: Rasburicase is effective in controlling plasma uric acid in pediatric patients with hematologic malignancies. This study in adults evaluated safety of and compared efficacy of rasburicase alone with rasburicase followed by oral allopurinol and with allopurinol alone in controlling plasma uric acid. Patients and Methods: Adults with hematologic malignancies at risk for hyperuricemia and tumor lysis syndrome (TLS) were randomly assigned to rasburicase (0.20 mg/kg/d intravenously days 1-5), rasburicase plus allopurinol (rasburicase 0.20 mg/kg/d days 1 to 3 followed by oral allopurinol 300 mg/d days 3 to 5), or allopurinol (300 mg/d orally days 1 to 5). Primary efficacy variable was plasma uric acid response rate defined as percentage of patients achieving or maintaining plasma uric acid ≤ 7.5 mg/dL during days 3 to 7. Results: Ninety-two patients received rasburicase, 92 rasburicase plus allopurinol, and 91 allopurinol. Plasma uric acid response rate was 87% with rasburicase, 78% with rasburicase plus allopurinol, and 66% with allopurinol. It was significantly greater for rasburicase than for allopurinol (P = .001) in the overall study population, in patients at high risk for TLS (89% v 68%; P = .012), and in those with baseline hyperuricemia (90% v 53%; P = .015). Time to plasma uric acid control in hyperuricemic patients was 4 hours for rasburicase, 4 hours for rasburicase plus allopurinol, and 27 hours for allopurinol. Conclusion: In adults with hyperuricemia or at high risk for TLS, rasburicase provided control of plasma uric acid more rapidly than allopurinol. Rasburicase was well tolerated as a single agent and in sequential combination with allopurinol.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)4207-4213
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Clinical Oncology
Volume28
Issue number27
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 20 2010
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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    Cortes, J., Moore, J. O., Maziarz, R. T., Wetzler, M., Craig, M., Matous, J., Luger, S., Dey, B. R., Schiller, G. J., Pham, D., Abboud, C. N., Krishnamurthy, M., Brown, A., Laadem, A., & Seiter, K. (2010). Control of plasma uric acid in adults at risk for tumor lysis syndrome: Efficacy and safety of rasburicase alone and rasburicase followed by allopurinol compared with allopurinol alone - Results of a multicenter phase III study. Journal of Clinical Oncology, 28(27), 4207-4213. https://doi.org/10.1200/JCO.2009.26.8896