Coordinate mapping of hyolaryngeal mechanics in swallowing.

Thomas Z. Thompson, Farres Obeidin, Alisa A. Davidoff, Cody L. Hightower, Christohper Z. Johnson, Sonya L. Rice, Rebecca Lyn Sokolove, Brandon K. Taylor, John M. Tuck, William G. Pearson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

19 Scopus citations

Abstract

Characterizing hyolaryngeal movement is important to dysphagia research. Prior methods require multiple measurements to obtain one kinematic measurement whereas coordinate mapping of hyolaryngeal mechanics using Modified Barium Swallow (MBS) uses one set of coordinates to calculate multiple variables of interest. For demonstration purposes, ten kinematic measurements were generated from one set of coordinates to determine differences in swallowing two different bolus types. Calculations of hyoid excursion against the vertebrae and mandible are correlated to determine the importance of axes of reference. To demonstrate coordinate mapping methodology, 40 MBS studies were randomly selected from a dataset of healthy normal subjects with no known swallowing impairment. A 5 ml thin-liquid bolus and a 5 ml pudding swallows were measured from each subject. Nine coordinates, mapping the cranial base, mandible, vertebrae and elements of the hyolaryngeal complex, were recorded at the frames of minimum and maximum hyolaryngeal excursion. Coordinates were mathematically converted into ten variables of hyolaryngeal mechanics. Inter-rater reliability was evaluated by Intraclass correlation coefficients (ICC). Two-tailed t-tests were used to evaluate differences in kinematics by bolus viscosity. Hyoid excursion measurements against different axes of reference were correlated. Inter-rater reliability among six raters for the 18 coordinates ranged from ICC = 0.90 - 0.97. A slate of ten kinematic measurements was compared by subject between the six raters. One outlier was rejected, and the mean of the remaining reliability scores was ICC = 0.91, 0.84 - 0.96, 95% CI. Two-tailed t-tests with Bonferroni corrections comparing ten kinematic variables (5 ml thin-liquid vs. 5 ml pudding swallows) showed statistically significant differences in hyoid excursion, superior laryngeal movement, and pharyngeal shortening (p < 0.005). Pearson correlations of hyoid excursion measurements from two different axes of reference were: r = 0.62, r2 = 0.38, (thin-liquid); r = 0.52, r2 = 0.27, (pudding). Obtaining landmark coordinates is a reliable method to generate multiple kinematic variables from video fluoroscopic images useful in dysphagia research.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere51476
JournalJournal of visualized experiments : JoVE
Issue number87
DOIs
StatePublished - May 6 2014

Keywords

  • Deglutition
  • Dysphagia
  • Dysphagia research
  • Hyolaryngeal complex
  • Hyolaryngeal kinematics
  • Issue 87
  • Medicine
  • Modified barium swallow studies
  • Videofluoroscopy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Immunology and Microbiology(all)
  • Neuroscience(all)

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Coordinate mapping of hyolaryngeal mechanics in swallowing.'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this

    Thompson, T. Z., Obeidin, F., Davidoff, A. A., Hightower, C. L., Johnson, C. Z., Rice, S. L., Sokolove, R. L., Taylor, B. K., Tuck, J. M., & Pearson, W. G. (2014). Coordinate mapping of hyolaryngeal mechanics in swallowing. Journal of visualized experiments : JoVE, (87), [e51476]. https://doi.org/10.3791/51476