Correlates of hypoglycemic fear in type I and type II diabetes mellitus.

W. H. Polonsky, Catherine Lucy Davis, A. M. Jacobson, B. J. Anderson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

87 Scopus citations


We examined whether fear of hypoglycemia in insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus was associated with (a) higher levels of trait anxiety and general fearfulness, (b) difficulty in differentiating symptoms of anxiety and hypoglycemia, and (c) past experience with hypoglycemia. Joslin Diabetes Center outpatients with Type I and Type II diabetes (N = 232), all requiring insulin, were surveyed. Type I patients experienced significantly more fear of hypoglycemia than Type II patients. For the Type I and Type II groups, higher scores on the Worry subscale of the Hypoglycemia Fear Survey (HFS-W) were associated with higher levels of trait anxiety and fear. Higher scores on the Behavior subscale (HFS-B) were associated with higher levels of fear. Among Type I subjects only, HFS-W scores were also positively associated with past hypoglycemic experience and with difficulty in differentiating anxiety and hypoglycemic symptoms. These latter relations remained significant even after the variance resulting from trait anxiety and fear was removed. Other significant associations with HFS-B scores were not observed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)199-202
Number of pages4
JournalHealth psychology : official journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 1992
Externally publishedYes


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Applied Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

Cite this