Correlates of smoking cessation self-efficacy in a community sample of smokers

Elisa Martinez, Kristina L. Tatum, Marcella Glass, Albert Bernath, Daron Ferris, Patrick Reynolds, Robert A. Schnoll

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

18 Scopus citations

Abstract

While numerous studies show that higher levels of smoking cessation self-efficacy predicts motivation to quit smoking and successful smoking cessation, few studies have evaluated factors related to smoking cessation self-efficacy that could be targets of behavioral interventions to promote greater confidence to quit smoking. This study, using a large community sample of smokers enrolled in a smoking cessation treatment program, evaluated potential associations between self-efficacy to quit smoking and demographic (e.g., age, race), smoking-related (e.g., rate, cessation history, past use of treatments), and psychosocial (e.g., stress, cue reactivity, self-medication smoking) variables. The results indicated that Hispanic-American smokers, relative to smokers of other racial/ethnic groups, report significantly lower self-efficacy to quit smoking when facing internal stimuli (e.g., feeling depressed), as do smokers who report that they have little confidence to control abstinence-induced symptoms (F(9,576) = 6.9, p < .001). The results also indicated that smokers who reported that they have little confidence to control abstinence-induced symptoms and report high smoking urge reactivity to situations that illicit positive affect (e.g., at a bar, with coffee, at a party) report lower self-efficacy to quit smoking when facing external stimuli (e.g., during a celebration; F[7,600] = 9.05, p < .05). These findings can be used to refine behavioral smoking cessation interventions to increase self-efficacy to quit smoking.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)175-178
Number of pages4
JournalAddictive Behaviors
Volume35
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2010

    Fingerprint

Keywords

  • Cue reactivity
  • Perceived control
  • Self-efficacy
  • Smoking
  • Tobacco

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Clinical Psychology
  • Toxicology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

Cite this

Martinez, E., Tatum, K. L., Glass, M., Bernath, A., Ferris, D., Reynolds, P., & Schnoll, R. A. (2010). Correlates of smoking cessation self-efficacy in a community sample of smokers. Addictive Behaviors, 35(2), 175-178. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.addbeh.2009.09.016