NK T cells recognize glycolipid Ags such as α-galactosylceramide (α- GalCer) presented by the MHC class I-like molecule CD1d. In this paper we have studied the in vivo effects of α-GalCer on the generation of adaptive immune responses. Treatment of mice with α-GalCer resulted in rapid activation of NK T cells and production of the cytokines IL-4 and IFN-γ. However, after this initial stimulation, NK T cells became polarized for the production of IL-4. Further, as soon as 6 days after α-GalCer injection, a marked increase in serum IgE levels was observed. Administration of α-GalCer at the time of priming of mice with protein Ag resulted in the generation of Ag-specific Th2 cells and a profound increase in the production of IgE. Collectively, these findings indicate that α-GalCer may be useful for modulating immune responses toward a Th2 phenotype during prophylaxis and therapy.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Journal of Immunology|
|State||Published - Sep 1 1999|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Immunology and Allergy