Cytoplasmic 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A synthase from the hamster. I. Isolation and sequencing of a full-length cDNA

G. Gil, J. L. Goldstein, Clive A. Slaughter, M. S. Brown

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

We here report the isolation and nucleotide sequencing of a full-length 3.3-kilobase cDNA for the cytoplasmic form of 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A (HMG-CoA) synthase, a regulated enzyme in the cholesterol biosynthetic pathway. The cDNA was isolated from UT-1 cells, a compactin-resistant line of Chinese hamster ovary cells. UT-1 cells produce large amounts of mRNA for HMG-CoA synthase and the next enzyme in the pathway, HMG-CoA reductase, as a result of growth in the presence of compactin, a competitive inhibitor of reductase. The identity of the cDNA for HMG-CoA synthase was confirmed through comparison of the NH2-terminal amino acid sequence predicted from the cDNA with that determined chemically from the purified enzyme. Anti-peptide antibodies directed against the amino acid sequence predicted from the cDNA precipitated HMG-CoA synthase activity from liver cytoplasm. The feeding of cholesterol to hamsters led to a decrease of more than 85% in the amount of mRNA for HMG-CoA synthase and HMG-CoA reductase in hamster liver. These data indicate that the mRNAs for cytoplasmic HMG-CoA synthase and for HMG-CoA reductase, two sequential enzymes in the cholesterol biosynthetic pathway, are coordinately regulated by cholesterol.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3710-3716
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume261
Issue number8
StatePublished - Dec 1 1986
Externally publishedYes

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Hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA Synthase
Cricetinae
Complementary DNA
Oxidoreductases
Cholesterol
Biosynthetic Pathways
Enzymes
Liver
Messenger RNA
Amino Acid Sequence
Amino Acids
Cricetulus
Anti-Idiotypic Antibodies
Ovary
Cytoplasm
Nucleotides
Cells
Peptides
Antibodies
Growth

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

Cite this

Cytoplasmic 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A synthase from the hamster. I. Isolation and sequencing of a full-length cDNA. / Gil, G.; Goldstein, J. L.; Slaughter, Clive A.; Brown, M. S.

In: Journal of Biological Chemistry, Vol. 261, No. 8, 01.12.1986, p. 3710-3716.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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N2 - We here report the isolation and nucleotide sequencing of a full-length 3.3-kilobase cDNA for the cytoplasmic form of 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A (HMG-CoA) synthase, a regulated enzyme in the cholesterol biosynthetic pathway. The cDNA was isolated from UT-1 cells, a compactin-resistant line of Chinese hamster ovary cells. UT-1 cells produce large amounts of mRNA for HMG-CoA synthase and the next enzyme in the pathway, HMG-CoA reductase, as a result of growth in the presence of compactin, a competitive inhibitor of reductase. The identity of the cDNA for HMG-CoA synthase was confirmed through comparison of the NH2-terminal amino acid sequence predicted from the cDNA with that determined chemically from the purified enzyme. Anti-peptide antibodies directed against the amino acid sequence predicted from the cDNA precipitated HMG-CoA synthase activity from liver cytoplasm. The feeding of cholesterol to hamsters led to a decrease of more than 85% in the amount of mRNA for HMG-CoA synthase and HMG-CoA reductase in hamster liver. These data indicate that the mRNAs for cytoplasmic HMG-CoA synthase and for HMG-CoA reductase, two sequential enzymes in the cholesterol biosynthetic pathway, are coordinately regulated by cholesterol.

AB - We here report the isolation and nucleotide sequencing of a full-length 3.3-kilobase cDNA for the cytoplasmic form of 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A (HMG-CoA) synthase, a regulated enzyme in the cholesterol biosynthetic pathway. The cDNA was isolated from UT-1 cells, a compactin-resistant line of Chinese hamster ovary cells. UT-1 cells produce large amounts of mRNA for HMG-CoA synthase and the next enzyme in the pathway, HMG-CoA reductase, as a result of growth in the presence of compactin, a competitive inhibitor of reductase. The identity of the cDNA for HMG-CoA synthase was confirmed through comparison of the NH2-terminal amino acid sequence predicted from the cDNA with that determined chemically from the purified enzyme. Anti-peptide antibodies directed against the amino acid sequence predicted from the cDNA precipitated HMG-CoA synthase activity from liver cytoplasm. The feeding of cholesterol to hamsters led to a decrease of more than 85% in the amount of mRNA for HMG-CoA synthase and HMG-CoA reductase in hamster liver. These data indicate that the mRNAs for cytoplasmic HMG-CoA synthase and for HMG-CoA reductase, two sequential enzymes in the cholesterol biosynthetic pathway, are coordinately regulated by cholesterol.

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