Deletion of soluble epoxide hydrolase gene improves renal endothelial function and reduces renal inflammation and injury in streptozotocin-induced type 1 diabetes

Ahmed Abdelrazik Elmarakby, Jessica Faulkner, Mohamed Al-Shabrawey, Mong-Heng Wang, Krishna Rao Maddipati, John D. Imig

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Abstract

Studies suggest that soluble epoxide hydrolase (sEH) inhibition reduces end-organ damage in cardiovascular diseases. We hypothesize that sEH gene (Ephx2) knockout (KO) improves endothelial function and reduces renal injury in streptozotocin-induced diabetes. After 6 wk of diabetes, afferent arteriolar relaxation to acetylcholine was impaired in diabetic wild-type (WT) mice, as the maximum relaxation was 72% of baseline diameter in the WT but only 31% in the diabetic mice. Ephx2 KO improved afferent arteriolar relaxation to acetylcholine in diabetes as maximum relaxation was 58%. Urinary monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1) excretion significantly increased in diabetic WT mice compared with control (868 ± 195 vs. 31.5 ± 7 pg/day), and this increase was attenuated in diabetic Ephx2 KO mice (420 ± 98 pg/day). The renal phospho-IKK-to-IKK ratio and nuclear factor-κB were significantly decreased, and hemeoxygenase-1 (HO-1) expression increased in diabetic Ephx2 KO compared with diabetic WT mice. Renal NADPH oxidase and urinary thiobarbituric acid reactive substances excretion were reduced in diabetic Ephx2 KO compared with diabetic WT mice. Albuminuria was also elevated in diabetic WT mice compared with control (170 ± 43 vs. 37 ± 13 μg/day), and Ephx2 KO reduced this elevation (50 ± 15 μg/day). Inhibition of she using trans-4-[4-(3-adamantan-1-yl-ureido)-cyclohexyloxy]-benzoic acid (tAUCB) also reduced renal inflammation and injury in diabetic WT mice. Furthermore, inhibition of HO with stannous mesoporphyrin negated the reno-protective effects of tAUCB or Ephx2 KO during diabetes. These data demonstrate that Ephx2 KO improves endothelial function and reduces renal injury during diabetes. Additionally, our data also suggest that activation of HO-1 contributes to improved renal injury in diabetic Ephx2 KO mice.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Regulatory Integrative and Comparative Physiology
Volume301
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2011

Fingerprint

Epoxide Hydrolases
Streptozocin
Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus
Inflammation
Kidney
Wounds and Injuries
Genes
Heme Oxygenase-1
Benzoic Acid
Knockout Mice
Acetylcholine
Gene Knockout Techniques
Albuminuria
Experimental Diabetes Mellitus
Thiobarbituric Acid Reactive Substances
Chemokine CCL2
NADPH Oxidase
Cardiovascular Diseases

Keywords

  • Afferent arteriolar relaxation
  • Albuminuria
  • HO-1
  • NADPH oxidase
  • NF-κB

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Physiology (medical)

Cite this

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title = "Deletion of soluble epoxide hydrolase gene improves renal endothelial function and reduces renal inflammation and injury in streptozotocin-induced type 1 diabetes",
abstract = "Studies suggest that soluble epoxide hydrolase (sEH) inhibition reduces end-organ damage in cardiovascular diseases. We hypothesize that sEH gene (Ephx2) knockout (KO) improves endothelial function and reduces renal injury in streptozotocin-induced diabetes. After 6 wk of diabetes, afferent arteriolar relaxation to acetylcholine was impaired in diabetic wild-type (WT) mice, as the maximum relaxation was 72{\%} of baseline diameter in the WT but only 31{\%} in the diabetic mice. Ephx2 KO improved afferent arteriolar relaxation to acetylcholine in diabetes as maximum relaxation was 58{\%}. Urinary monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1) excretion significantly increased in diabetic WT mice compared with control (868 ± 195 vs. 31.5 ± 7 pg/day), and this increase was attenuated in diabetic Ephx2 KO mice (420 ± 98 pg/day). The renal phospho-IKK-to-IKK ratio and nuclear factor-κB were significantly decreased, and hemeoxygenase-1 (HO-1) expression increased in diabetic Ephx2 KO compared with diabetic WT mice. Renal NADPH oxidase and urinary thiobarbituric acid reactive substances excretion were reduced in diabetic Ephx2 KO compared with diabetic WT mice. Albuminuria was also elevated in diabetic WT mice compared with control (170 ± 43 vs. 37 ± 13 μg/day), and Ephx2 KO reduced this elevation (50 ± 15 μg/day). Inhibition of she using trans-4-[4-(3-adamantan-1-yl-ureido)-cyclohexyloxy]-benzoic acid (tAUCB) also reduced renal inflammation and injury in diabetic WT mice. Furthermore, inhibition of HO with stannous mesoporphyrin negated the reno-protective effects of tAUCB or Ephx2 KO during diabetes. These data demonstrate that Ephx2 KO improves endothelial function and reduces renal injury during diabetes. Additionally, our data also suggest that activation of HO-1 contributes to improved renal injury in diabetic Ephx2 KO mice.",
keywords = "Afferent arteriolar relaxation, Albuminuria, HO-1, NADPH oxidase, NF-κB",
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AU - Wang, Mong-Heng

AU - Maddipati, Krishna Rao

AU - Imig, John D.

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N2 - Studies suggest that soluble epoxide hydrolase (sEH) inhibition reduces end-organ damage in cardiovascular diseases. We hypothesize that sEH gene (Ephx2) knockout (KO) improves endothelial function and reduces renal injury in streptozotocin-induced diabetes. After 6 wk of diabetes, afferent arteriolar relaxation to acetylcholine was impaired in diabetic wild-type (WT) mice, as the maximum relaxation was 72% of baseline diameter in the WT but only 31% in the diabetic mice. Ephx2 KO improved afferent arteriolar relaxation to acetylcholine in diabetes as maximum relaxation was 58%. Urinary monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1) excretion significantly increased in diabetic WT mice compared with control (868 ± 195 vs. 31.5 ± 7 pg/day), and this increase was attenuated in diabetic Ephx2 KO mice (420 ± 98 pg/day). The renal phospho-IKK-to-IKK ratio and nuclear factor-κB were significantly decreased, and hemeoxygenase-1 (HO-1) expression increased in diabetic Ephx2 KO compared with diabetic WT mice. Renal NADPH oxidase and urinary thiobarbituric acid reactive substances excretion were reduced in diabetic Ephx2 KO compared with diabetic WT mice. Albuminuria was also elevated in diabetic WT mice compared with control (170 ± 43 vs. 37 ± 13 μg/day), and Ephx2 KO reduced this elevation (50 ± 15 μg/day). Inhibition of she using trans-4-[4-(3-adamantan-1-yl-ureido)-cyclohexyloxy]-benzoic acid (tAUCB) also reduced renal inflammation and injury in diabetic WT mice. Furthermore, inhibition of HO with stannous mesoporphyrin negated the reno-protective effects of tAUCB or Ephx2 KO during diabetes. These data demonstrate that Ephx2 KO improves endothelial function and reduces renal injury during diabetes. Additionally, our data also suggest that activation of HO-1 contributes to improved renal injury in diabetic Ephx2 KO mice.

AB - Studies suggest that soluble epoxide hydrolase (sEH) inhibition reduces end-organ damage in cardiovascular diseases. We hypothesize that sEH gene (Ephx2) knockout (KO) improves endothelial function and reduces renal injury in streptozotocin-induced diabetes. After 6 wk of diabetes, afferent arteriolar relaxation to acetylcholine was impaired in diabetic wild-type (WT) mice, as the maximum relaxation was 72% of baseline diameter in the WT but only 31% in the diabetic mice. Ephx2 KO improved afferent arteriolar relaxation to acetylcholine in diabetes as maximum relaxation was 58%. Urinary monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1) excretion significantly increased in diabetic WT mice compared with control (868 ± 195 vs. 31.5 ± 7 pg/day), and this increase was attenuated in diabetic Ephx2 KO mice (420 ± 98 pg/day). The renal phospho-IKK-to-IKK ratio and nuclear factor-κB were significantly decreased, and hemeoxygenase-1 (HO-1) expression increased in diabetic Ephx2 KO compared with diabetic WT mice. Renal NADPH oxidase and urinary thiobarbituric acid reactive substances excretion were reduced in diabetic Ephx2 KO compared with diabetic WT mice. Albuminuria was also elevated in diabetic WT mice compared with control (170 ± 43 vs. 37 ± 13 μg/day), and Ephx2 KO reduced this elevation (50 ± 15 μg/day). Inhibition of she using trans-4-[4-(3-adamantan-1-yl-ureido)-cyclohexyloxy]-benzoic acid (tAUCB) also reduced renal inflammation and injury in diabetic WT mice. Furthermore, inhibition of HO with stannous mesoporphyrin negated the reno-protective effects of tAUCB or Ephx2 KO during diabetes. These data demonstrate that Ephx2 KO improves endothelial function and reduces renal injury during diabetes. Additionally, our data also suggest that activation of HO-1 contributes to improved renal injury in diabetic Ephx2 KO mice.

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