Demographic, clinical, and microbial aspects of chronic and aggressive periodontitis in Colombia

A multicenter study

Gloria Inés Lafaurie, Adolfo Contreras, Alexandra Barón, Javier Botero, Isabel Mayorga-Fayad, Adriana Jaramillo, Astrid Giraldo, Ferney González, Sergio Mantilla, Alejandro Botero, Luz Helena Archila, Antonio Díaz, Tatiana Chacón, Diana Marcela Castillo, Marisol Betancourt, Maria Del Rosario Aya, Roger Mauricio Arce Munoz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

54 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: The microbial profile of periodontal disease varies among different human populations. This study evaluated the demographic, clinical, and microbiologic aspects of periodontitis in a multigeographic sample in Colombia. Methods: Three hundred twenty-five patients with chronic periodontitis (CP), 158 patients with aggressive periodontitis (AgP), and 137 healthy-gingivitis controls from five regions of the country were studied. Clinical, microbial, and sociodemographic data were collected. Microbiologic identification was performed using polymerase chain reaction 16S rRNA gene on pooled subgingival samples, and the presence of Gram-negative enteric rods was evaluated by culture. Bivariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses were conducted. Results: Porphyromonas gingivalis occurred in 71.5% of individuals with periodontitis, Tannerella forsythensis occurred in 58.5%, Campylobacter rectus occurred in 57.5%, Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans occurred in 23.6%, and enteric rods occurred in 34.5%. P. gingivalis was more common in CP and AgP than controls. A. actinomycetemcomitans was increased in AgP compared to controls and patients with CP. T. forsythensis, C. rectus, and Eikenella corrodens had a low presence in the West Pacific and Central regions, and enteric rods were increased in the Central region (P <0.05). Other sociodemographic factors were not associated with these microorganisms. Conclusions: Geographic regions do not influence the microbiota, but the microbiota may vary by geographic region. P. gingivalis, T. forsythensis, and C. rectus are the most prevalent periodontophatic microorganisms in Colombia. A. actinomycetemcomitans was more common in AgP, and a large percentage of the population studied had enteric rods in the subgingival plaque.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)629-639
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Periodontology
Volume78
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2007
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Aggressive Periodontitis
Chronic Periodontitis
Campylobacter rectus
Colombia
Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans
Porphyromonas gingivalis
Multicenter Studies
Demography
Periodontitis
Microbiota
Eikenella corrodens
Gingivitis
Periodontal Diseases
rRNA Genes
Population
Logistic Models
Regression Analysis
Polymerase Chain Reaction

Keywords

  • Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans
  • Chronic periodontitis
  • Gram-negative rods
  • Periodontitis
  • Porphyromonas gingivalis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Periodontics

Cite this

Demographic, clinical, and microbial aspects of chronic and aggressive periodontitis in Colombia : A multicenter study. / Lafaurie, Gloria Inés; Contreras, Adolfo; Barón, Alexandra; Botero, Javier; Mayorga-Fayad, Isabel; Jaramillo, Adriana; Giraldo, Astrid; González, Ferney; Mantilla, Sergio; Botero, Alejandro; Archila, Luz Helena; Díaz, Antonio; Chacón, Tatiana; Castillo, Diana Marcela; Betancourt, Marisol; Aya, Maria Del Rosario; Arce Munoz, Roger Mauricio.

In: Journal of Periodontology, Vol. 78, No. 4, 01.04.2007, p. 629-639.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Lafaurie, GI, Contreras, A, Barón, A, Botero, J, Mayorga-Fayad, I, Jaramillo, A, Giraldo, A, González, F, Mantilla, S, Botero, A, Archila, LH, Díaz, A, Chacón, T, Castillo, DM, Betancourt, M, Aya, MDR & Arce Munoz, RM 2007, 'Demographic, clinical, and microbial aspects of chronic and aggressive periodontitis in Colombia: A multicenter study', Journal of Periodontology, vol. 78, no. 4, pp. 629-639. https://doi.org/10.1902/jop.2007.060187
Lafaurie, Gloria Inés ; Contreras, Adolfo ; Barón, Alexandra ; Botero, Javier ; Mayorga-Fayad, Isabel ; Jaramillo, Adriana ; Giraldo, Astrid ; González, Ferney ; Mantilla, Sergio ; Botero, Alejandro ; Archila, Luz Helena ; Díaz, Antonio ; Chacón, Tatiana ; Castillo, Diana Marcela ; Betancourt, Marisol ; Aya, Maria Del Rosario ; Arce Munoz, Roger Mauricio. / Demographic, clinical, and microbial aspects of chronic and aggressive periodontitis in Colombia : A multicenter study. In: Journal of Periodontology. 2007 ; Vol. 78, No. 4. pp. 629-639.
@article{45877aedf7a24bde965ac91ff7472ce3,
title = "Demographic, clinical, and microbial aspects of chronic and aggressive periodontitis in Colombia: A multicenter study",
abstract = "Background: The microbial profile of periodontal disease varies among different human populations. This study evaluated the demographic, clinical, and microbiologic aspects of periodontitis in a multigeographic sample in Colombia. Methods: Three hundred twenty-five patients with chronic periodontitis (CP), 158 patients with aggressive periodontitis (AgP), and 137 healthy-gingivitis controls from five regions of the country were studied. Clinical, microbial, and sociodemographic data were collected. Microbiologic identification was performed using polymerase chain reaction 16S rRNA gene on pooled subgingival samples, and the presence of Gram-negative enteric rods was evaluated by culture. Bivariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses were conducted. Results: Porphyromonas gingivalis occurred in 71.5{\%} of individuals with periodontitis, Tannerella forsythensis occurred in 58.5{\%}, Campylobacter rectus occurred in 57.5{\%}, Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans occurred in 23.6{\%}, and enteric rods occurred in 34.5{\%}. P. gingivalis was more common in CP and AgP than controls. A. actinomycetemcomitans was increased in AgP compared to controls and patients with CP. T. forsythensis, C. rectus, and Eikenella corrodens had a low presence in the West Pacific and Central regions, and enteric rods were increased in the Central region (P <0.05). Other sociodemographic factors were not associated with these microorganisms. Conclusions: Geographic regions do not influence the microbiota, but the microbiota may vary by geographic region. P. gingivalis, T. forsythensis, and C. rectus are the most prevalent periodontophatic microorganisms in Colombia. A. actinomycetemcomitans was more common in AgP, and a large percentage of the population studied had enteric rods in the subgingival plaque.",
keywords = "Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans, Chronic periodontitis, Gram-negative rods, Periodontitis, Porphyromonas gingivalis",
author = "Lafaurie, {Gloria In{\'e}s} and Adolfo Contreras and Alexandra Bar{\'o}n and Javier Botero and Isabel Mayorga-Fayad and Adriana Jaramillo and Astrid Giraldo and Ferney Gonz{\'a}lez and Sergio Mantilla and Alejandro Botero and Archila, {Luz Helena} and Antonio D{\'i}az and Tatiana Chac{\'o}n and Castillo, {Diana Marcela} and Marisol Betancourt and Aya, {Maria Del Rosario} and {Arce Munoz}, {Roger Mauricio}",
year = "2007",
month = "4",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1902/jop.2007.060187",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "78",
pages = "629--639",
journal = "Journal of Periodontology",
issn = "0022-3492",
publisher = "American Academy of Periodontology",
number = "4",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Demographic, clinical, and microbial aspects of chronic and aggressive periodontitis in Colombia

T2 - A multicenter study

AU - Lafaurie, Gloria Inés

AU - Contreras, Adolfo

AU - Barón, Alexandra

AU - Botero, Javier

AU - Mayorga-Fayad, Isabel

AU - Jaramillo, Adriana

AU - Giraldo, Astrid

AU - González, Ferney

AU - Mantilla, Sergio

AU - Botero, Alejandro

AU - Archila, Luz Helena

AU - Díaz, Antonio

AU - Chacón, Tatiana

AU - Castillo, Diana Marcela

AU - Betancourt, Marisol

AU - Aya, Maria Del Rosario

AU - Arce Munoz, Roger Mauricio

PY - 2007/4/1

Y1 - 2007/4/1

N2 - Background: The microbial profile of periodontal disease varies among different human populations. This study evaluated the demographic, clinical, and microbiologic aspects of periodontitis in a multigeographic sample in Colombia. Methods: Three hundred twenty-five patients with chronic periodontitis (CP), 158 patients with aggressive periodontitis (AgP), and 137 healthy-gingivitis controls from five regions of the country were studied. Clinical, microbial, and sociodemographic data were collected. Microbiologic identification was performed using polymerase chain reaction 16S rRNA gene on pooled subgingival samples, and the presence of Gram-negative enteric rods was evaluated by culture. Bivariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses were conducted. Results: Porphyromonas gingivalis occurred in 71.5% of individuals with periodontitis, Tannerella forsythensis occurred in 58.5%, Campylobacter rectus occurred in 57.5%, Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans occurred in 23.6%, and enteric rods occurred in 34.5%. P. gingivalis was more common in CP and AgP than controls. A. actinomycetemcomitans was increased in AgP compared to controls and patients with CP. T. forsythensis, C. rectus, and Eikenella corrodens had a low presence in the West Pacific and Central regions, and enteric rods were increased in the Central region (P <0.05). Other sociodemographic factors were not associated with these microorganisms. Conclusions: Geographic regions do not influence the microbiota, but the microbiota may vary by geographic region. P. gingivalis, T. forsythensis, and C. rectus are the most prevalent periodontophatic microorganisms in Colombia. A. actinomycetemcomitans was more common in AgP, and a large percentage of the population studied had enteric rods in the subgingival plaque.

AB - Background: The microbial profile of periodontal disease varies among different human populations. This study evaluated the demographic, clinical, and microbiologic aspects of periodontitis in a multigeographic sample in Colombia. Methods: Three hundred twenty-five patients with chronic periodontitis (CP), 158 patients with aggressive periodontitis (AgP), and 137 healthy-gingivitis controls from five regions of the country were studied. Clinical, microbial, and sociodemographic data were collected. Microbiologic identification was performed using polymerase chain reaction 16S rRNA gene on pooled subgingival samples, and the presence of Gram-negative enteric rods was evaluated by culture. Bivariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses were conducted. Results: Porphyromonas gingivalis occurred in 71.5% of individuals with periodontitis, Tannerella forsythensis occurred in 58.5%, Campylobacter rectus occurred in 57.5%, Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans occurred in 23.6%, and enteric rods occurred in 34.5%. P. gingivalis was more common in CP and AgP than controls. A. actinomycetemcomitans was increased in AgP compared to controls and patients with CP. T. forsythensis, C. rectus, and Eikenella corrodens had a low presence in the West Pacific and Central regions, and enteric rods were increased in the Central region (P <0.05). Other sociodemographic factors were not associated with these microorganisms. Conclusions: Geographic regions do not influence the microbiota, but the microbiota may vary by geographic region. P. gingivalis, T. forsythensis, and C. rectus are the most prevalent periodontophatic microorganisms in Colombia. A. actinomycetemcomitans was more common in AgP, and a large percentage of the population studied had enteric rods in the subgingival plaque.

KW - Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans

KW - Chronic periodontitis

KW - Gram-negative rods

KW - Periodontitis

KW - Porphyromonas gingivalis

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=34247882621&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=34247882621&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1902/jop.2007.060187

DO - 10.1902/jop.2007.060187

M3 - Article

VL - 78

SP - 629

EP - 639

JO - Journal of Periodontology

JF - Journal of Periodontology

SN - 0022-3492

IS - 4

ER -