Demographics and Distal Tibial Dimensions of Suitable Distal Tibial Allografts for Glenoid Reconstruction

Stephen A. Parada, Matthew S. Griffith, K. Aaron Shaw, Brian R. Waterman, Josef K. Eichinger, Xinning Li, Matthew T. Provencher

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations


Purpose: To evaluate whether characteristics such as age, height, weight, sex, or body mass index affected the distal tibial dimensions and radius of curvature (ROC) of a potential donor for anterior glenoid augmentation. Methods: A retrospective review of magnetic resonance imaging of ankles without bony trauma was performed, and the anteroposterior (AP) and medial-lateral (ML) distances and ROC of the tibial plafond articular surface were measured. Demographic characteristics, including age, sex, height, weight, and body mass index, were recorded. Results: A total of 141 imaging studies were included (73 men and 68 women; average age, 38.2 ± 12.65 years). All potential specimens accommodated harvest of a 10 × 22–mm distal tibial allograft bone block. Men had greater ML (42.74 cm [95% confidence interval (CI), 42.09-43.39 cm] vs 38.01 cm [95% CI, 37.30-38.72 cm]; P <.001) and AP (38.16 cm [95% CI, 37.47-38.85 cm] vs 34.57 cm [95% CI, 33.97-35.17 cm]; P <.001) dimensions. Significant moderately positive correlations were found for AP dimensions with height (r = 0.584, P <.001) and weight (r = 0.383, P <.001) and for ML dimensions with height (r = 0.711, P <.001) and weight (r = 0.467, P <.001). ROC was positively correlated with height (r = 0.509, P <.001) and weight (r = 0.294, P <.001). Patient age was not related to either the AP or ML distal tibial dimensions or ROC. Conclusions: After magnetic resonance imaging analysis, all potential donors permitted harvest of a standard-sized distal tibial allograft irrespective of sex or common anthropometric measures, and 85.8% showed distal tibial morphology acceptable for glenoid augmentation. AP and ML graft dimensions and ROC correlated significantly with height and weight. Level of Evidence: Level II, diagnostic study.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2788-2794
Number of pages7
JournalArthroscopy - Journal of Arthroscopic and Related Surgery
Issue number10
StatePublished - Oct 2019

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine


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