Dense core vesicles resemble active-zone transport vesicles and are diminished following synaptogenesis in mature hippocampal slices

K. E. Sorra, A. Mishra, S. A. Kirov, K. M. Harris

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

38 Scopus citations

Abstract

Large dense core vesicles (∼100 nm) contain neuroactive peptides and other co-transmitters. Smaller dense core vesicles (∼80 nm) are known to contain components of the presynaptic active zone and thought to transport and deliver these components during developmental synaptogenesis. It is not known whether excitatory axons in area CA1 contain such dense core vesicles, and whether they contribute to synaptic plasticity of mature hippocampus. Serial section electron microscopy was used to identify dense core vesicles in presynaptic axons in s. radiatum of area CA1 in adult rat hippocampus. Comparisons were made among perfusion-fixed hippocampus and hippocampal slices that undergo synaptogenesis during recovery in vitro. Dense core vesicles occurred in 26.1±3.6% of axonal boutons in perfusion fixed hippocampus, and in only 17.6±4.5% of axonal boutons in hippocampal slices (P<0.01). Most of the dense core vesicle positive boutons contained only one dense core vesicle, and no reconstructed axonal bouton had more than a total of 10 dense core vesicles in either condition. Overall the dense core vesicles had average diameters of 79±11 nm. These small dense core vesicles were usually located near nonsynaptic membranes and rarely occurred near the edge of a presynaptic active zone. Their size, low frequency, locations, and decrease following recuperative synaptogenesis in slices are novel findings that merit further study with respect to small dense core vesicle content and possible contributions to synapse assembly and plasticity in the mature hippocampus.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2097-2106
Number of pages10
JournalNeuroscience
Volume141
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 21 2006

Keywords

  • CA1
  • brain slice
  • dendritic spine
  • presynaptic active zone
  • serial section electron microscopy
  • synaptic vesicles

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)

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