Derivation and implications of MMPI cluster groups in clinically depressed inpatient females.

William T. Riley, P. Alex Mabe, Harry C. Davis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to subclassify clinically depressed patients based on a cluster-analytic examination of the MMPI. Subjects were 79 female inpatients with major depression. A cluster analysis of the MMPI validity and clinical scales resulted in three clusters labeled psychotic (287 MMPI profile), hostile (24 MMPI profile), and histrionic (32 MMPI profile) depression. The psychotic group exhibited the greatest depression as measured by the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI). The psychotic and hostile groups, however, did not differ on other associated aspects of depression, such as negative cognitions, nonassertiveness, or personality style. The hostile group reported the fewest physical difficulties and the most excessive alcohol use. The groups, however, did not differ on other aspects of depression history or presentation such as family history of depression or previous hospitalizations. A repeated measures ANOVA for the three cluster groups on the BDI at admission, discharge, and 6 months after discharge indicated that all groups showed improvement at discharge but that only the hostile depressive group continued to show improvement at the 6-month follow-up.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)723-733
Number of pages11
JournalThe Journal of psychology
Volume125
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 1991
Externally publishedYes

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MMPI
Inpatients
Depression
Group
Great Depression
Equipment and Supplies
cluster analysis
genealogy
hospitalization
cognition
personality
Cognition
Cluster Analysis
Personality
alcohol
Analysis of Variance
Hospitalization
Alcohols
examination

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education
  • Business, Management and Accounting (miscellaneous)
  • Psychology(all)

Cite this

Derivation and implications of MMPI cluster groups in clinically depressed inpatient females. / Riley, William T.; Mabe, P. Alex; Davis, Harry C.

In: The Journal of psychology, Vol. 125, No. 6, 01.11.1991, p. 723-733.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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