The purpose of this study was to determine the accuracy of preoperative templating of primary, noncemented femoral components. A retrospective review of charts and radiographs was performed on 74 hips in 64 patients who had undergone either noncemented total hip arthroplasty (THA) or placement of an endoprosthesis (including bipolar). Preoperative radiographs were templated by a total joint arthroplasty attending surgeon, a senior orthopaedic resident, and a junior resident. The templated size corresponded to the actual femoral implant used in approximately 50% of cases. When femoral prostheses within one size above or below the templated size were included, the accuracy of preoperative templating rose to 88-95%. When implants within two sizes of the templated size were included, the accuracy approached 100%. Factors associated with discrepancies in the size of femoral stem used included placement of an undersized implant, presence of metal hardware that obscured the ability to template accurately, proximal bone deformity, sclerotic bone, acute femoral neck fracture, and inadequate preoperative radiographs. The accuracy of templating increased gradually with the level of training. The most experienced investigator was able to template within one size of the actual implant used in 95% of cases, compared with 88% and 82% for the less experienced investigators. Acute femoral neck fractures and proximal bone deformity were associated with the largest discrepancies in templated sizes.
- femoral stem size
- preoperative templating
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Orthopedics and Sports Medicine