### Abstract

Monte Carlo methods have been established along the time as the gold standard for computer simulations in the medical physics community. Depending on the problem and user's needs, deterministic radiation transport simulations may provide a more detailed and faster solution. In this work we investigate the possibility of using deterministic radiation transport simulations as a viable and more convenient tool for real clinical applications. Therefore, the discrete ordinates PENTRAN code is used to calculate average organ doses in voxelized human phantoms and the results are compared with state-of-the-art MCNP5 Monte Carlo simulations in the diagnostic energy range (50-140 keV). Generally, good agreement for the average organ scalar fluxes, less than 6% difference, is obtained provided adequate quadrature order, mesh size and energy group structure is used in the deterministic calculations. The energy group structure, particularly for the diagnostic energy range, has a major impact on the deterministic solution for the average organ doses since the interaction and mass energy absorption coefficients are highly energy dependent in the diagnostic range. Though an optimization of the group structure is possible, it is problem (namely x-ray source spectrum) and organ dependent, which impose serious limitations of the deterministic solution for practical application in diagnostic medical physics.

Original language | English (US) |
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Title of host publication | American Nuclear Society - International Conference on Mathematics, Computational Methods and Reactor Physics 2009, M and C 2009 |

Pages | 1822-1834 |

Number of pages | 13 |

State | Published - Dec 1 2009 |

Event | International Conference on Mathematics, Computational Methods and Reactor Physics 2009, M and C 2009 - Saratoga Springs, NY, United States Duration: May 3 2009 → May 7 2009 |

### Publication series

Name | American Nuclear Society - International Conference on Mathematics, Computational Methods and Reactor Physics 2009, M and C 2009 |
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Volume | 3 |

### Other

Other | International Conference on Mathematics, Computational Methods and Reactor Physics 2009, M and C 2009 |
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Country | United States |

City | Saratoga Springs, NY |

Period | 5/3/09 → 5/7/09 |

### Fingerprint

### Keywords

- Average organ dose
- Deterministic discrete ordinates
- Monte Carlo
- Radiation transport
- Voxelized phantom

### ASJC Scopus subject areas

- Nuclear Energy and Engineering
- Computational Mathematics
- Nuclear and High Energy Physics

### Cite this

*American Nuclear Society - International Conference on Mathematics, Computational Methods and Reactor Physics 2009, M and C 2009*(pp. 1822-1834). (American Nuclear Society - International Conference on Mathematics, Computational Methods and Reactor Physics 2009, M and C 2009; Vol. 3).

**Deterministic radiation transport simulations for diagnostic imaging applications.** / Ghita, Monica; Sjoden, Glenn E.; Al-Basheer, Ahmad Khaled; Arreola, Manuel M.; Bolch, Wesley; Lee, Choonsik.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceeding › Conference contribution

*American Nuclear Society - International Conference on Mathematics, Computational Methods and Reactor Physics 2009, M and C 2009.*American Nuclear Society - International Conference on Mathematics, Computational Methods and Reactor Physics 2009, M and C 2009, vol. 3, pp. 1822-1834, International Conference on Mathematics, Computational Methods and Reactor Physics 2009, M and C 2009, Saratoga Springs, NY, United States, 5/3/09.

}

TY - GEN

T1 - Deterministic radiation transport simulations for diagnostic imaging applications

AU - Ghita, Monica

AU - Sjoden, Glenn E.

AU - Al-Basheer, Ahmad Khaled

AU - Arreola, Manuel M.

AU - Bolch, Wesley

AU - Lee, Choonsik

PY - 2009/12/1

Y1 - 2009/12/1

N2 - Monte Carlo methods have been established along the time as the gold standard for computer simulations in the medical physics community. Depending on the problem and user's needs, deterministic radiation transport simulations may provide a more detailed and faster solution. In this work we investigate the possibility of using deterministic radiation transport simulations as a viable and more convenient tool for real clinical applications. Therefore, the discrete ordinates PENTRAN code is used to calculate average organ doses in voxelized human phantoms and the results are compared with state-of-the-art MCNP5 Monte Carlo simulations in the diagnostic energy range (50-140 keV). Generally, good agreement for the average organ scalar fluxes, less than 6% difference, is obtained provided adequate quadrature order, mesh size and energy group structure is used in the deterministic calculations. The energy group structure, particularly for the diagnostic energy range, has a major impact on the deterministic solution for the average organ doses since the interaction and mass energy absorption coefficients are highly energy dependent in the diagnostic range. Though an optimization of the group structure is possible, it is problem (namely x-ray source spectrum) and organ dependent, which impose serious limitations of the deterministic solution for practical application in diagnostic medical physics.

AB - Monte Carlo methods have been established along the time as the gold standard for computer simulations in the medical physics community. Depending on the problem and user's needs, deterministic radiation transport simulations may provide a more detailed and faster solution. In this work we investigate the possibility of using deterministic radiation transport simulations as a viable and more convenient tool for real clinical applications. Therefore, the discrete ordinates PENTRAN code is used to calculate average organ doses in voxelized human phantoms and the results are compared with state-of-the-art MCNP5 Monte Carlo simulations in the diagnostic energy range (50-140 keV). Generally, good agreement for the average organ scalar fluxes, less than 6% difference, is obtained provided adequate quadrature order, mesh size and energy group structure is used in the deterministic calculations. The energy group structure, particularly for the diagnostic energy range, has a major impact on the deterministic solution for the average organ doses since the interaction and mass energy absorption coefficients are highly energy dependent in the diagnostic range. Though an optimization of the group structure is possible, it is problem (namely x-ray source spectrum) and organ dependent, which impose serious limitations of the deterministic solution for practical application in diagnostic medical physics.

KW - Average organ dose

KW - Deterministic discrete ordinates

KW - Monte Carlo

KW - Radiation transport

KW - Voxelized phantom

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=74549203221&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=74549203221&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Conference contribution

SN - 9781615673490

T3 - American Nuclear Society - International Conference on Mathematics, Computational Methods and Reactor Physics 2009, M and C 2009

SP - 1822

EP - 1834

BT - American Nuclear Society - International Conference on Mathematics, Computational Methods and Reactor Physics 2009, M and C 2009

ER -