Development and evaluation of two abbreviated questionnaires for mentoring and research self-efficacy

Donna B. Jeffe, Treva K. Rice, Josephine E.A. Boyington, Dabeeru C. Rao, Girardin Jean-Louis, Victor G. Dávila-Román, Anne L. Taylor, Betty Sue Pace, Mohamed Boutjdir

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objectives: To reduce respondent burden for future evaluations of the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute-supported Programs to Increase Diversity Among Individuals Engaged in Health-Related Research (PRIDE), a mentored-research education program, we sought to shorten the 33-item Ragins and McFarlin Mentor Role Instrument (RMMRI), measuring mentor-role appraisals, and the 69-item Clinical Research Appraisal Inventory (CRAI), measuring research self-efficacy. Methods: Three nationally recruited, junior-faculty cohorts attended two, annual 2-3 week Summer Institutes (SI-1/SI-2: 2011/2012, 2012/2013, 2013/2014) at one of six PRIDE sites. Mentees completed the RMMRI two months after mentor assignment and the CRAI at baseline (pre-SI-1) and 6-month (mid-year) and 12-month (post-SI-2) follow-up. Publications data obtained from Scopus in October 2015 were verified with mentees' curriculum vitae. The RMMRI and CRAI were shortened using an iterative process of principal-components analysis. The shortened measures were examined in association with each other (multiple linear regression) and with increase in publications (repeated-measures analysis of covariance). Results: PRIDE enrolled 152 mentees (70% women; 60% Black, 35% Hispanic/Latino). Cronbach's alphas for the new 9-item RMMRI, 19-item CRAI, and four CRAI-19 subscales were excellent. Controlling for baseline self-efficacy and cohort, RMMRI-9 scores were independently, positively associated with post-SI-2 scores on the CRAI-19 and three subscales (writing, study design/data analysis, and collaboration/grant preparation). Controlling for cohort, higher RMMRI-9 and post-SI-2 CRAI-19 scores were each associated with greater increase in publications. Conclusions: The RMMRI-9 and CRAI-19 retained the excellent psychometric properties of the longer measures. Findings support use of the shortened measures in future evaluations of PRIDE.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)179-188
Number of pages10
JournalEthnicity and Disease
Volume27
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2017

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Self Efficacy
Mentors
Research
Equipment and Supplies
Publications
Hispanic Americans
Surveys and Questionnaires
Mentoring
National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (U.S.)
Organized Financing
Principal Component Analysis
Psychometrics
Curriculum
Linear Models
Education

Keywords

  • Diversity
  • Instrument development
  • Mentoring
  • Principal components analysis
  • Research self-efficacy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Epidemiology

Cite this

Jeffe, D. B., Rice, T. K., Boyington, J. E. A., Rao, D. C., Jean-Louis, G., Dávila-Román, V. G., ... Boutjdir, M. (2017). Development and evaluation of two abbreviated questionnaires for mentoring and research self-efficacy. Ethnicity and Disease, 27(2), 179-188. https://doi.org/10.18865/ed.27.2.179

Development and evaluation of two abbreviated questionnaires for mentoring and research self-efficacy. / Jeffe, Donna B.; Rice, Treva K.; Boyington, Josephine E.A.; Rao, Dabeeru C.; Jean-Louis, Girardin; Dávila-Román, Victor G.; Taylor, Anne L.; Pace, Betty Sue; Boutjdir, Mohamed.

In: Ethnicity and Disease, Vol. 27, No. 2, 01.03.2017, p. 179-188.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Jeffe, DB, Rice, TK, Boyington, JEA, Rao, DC, Jean-Louis, G, Dávila-Román, VG, Taylor, AL, Pace, BS & Boutjdir, M 2017, 'Development and evaluation of two abbreviated questionnaires for mentoring and research self-efficacy', Ethnicity and Disease, vol. 27, no. 2, pp. 179-188. https://doi.org/10.18865/ed.27.2.179
Jeffe DB, Rice TK, Boyington JEA, Rao DC, Jean-Louis G, Dávila-Román VG et al. Development and evaluation of two abbreviated questionnaires for mentoring and research self-efficacy. Ethnicity and Disease. 2017 Mar 1;27(2):179-188. https://doi.org/10.18865/ed.27.2.179
Jeffe, Donna B. ; Rice, Treva K. ; Boyington, Josephine E.A. ; Rao, Dabeeru C. ; Jean-Louis, Girardin ; Dávila-Román, Victor G. ; Taylor, Anne L. ; Pace, Betty Sue ; Boutjdir, Mohamed. / Development and evaluation of two abbreviated questionnaires for mentoring and research self-efficacy. In: Ethnicity and Disease. 2017 ; Vol. 27, No. 2. pp. 179-188.
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