Diabetes ROADMAP: Teaching Guideline Use, Communication, and Documentation When Delivering the Diagnosis of Diabetes

Christy J.W. Ledford, Dean A. Seehusen, Lauren A. Cafferty, Heather A. Rider, Tyler Rogers, Stephanie Fulleborn, Erik Clauson, Christopher C. Ledford, Steven Trigg, Jeremy T. Jackson, Paul F. Crawford

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Introduction: Most interventions to date regarding breaking bad news focus on late-stage disease or disclosing a cancer diagnosis. Little attention has been given to delivery of chronic metabolic disease diagnoses such as prediabetes/type 2 diabetes. Methods: Informed by the American Diabetes Association standards of care and formative research conducted by our research team, we developed this curriculum through the six-step approach to curriculum development. The curriculum consists of a 2- or 3-hour intervention that teaches medical decision-making, interpersonal communication, and clinical documentation in the context of prediabetes and type 2 diabetes followed by role-play and clinical practice. Results: Across three cohorts, 53 clinicians completed the curriculum. Across the three iterations, learners rated the curricular intervention as worthwhile and delivered at an appropriate level. In a community hospital setting, learners scored significantly higher on a knowledge check than did a control group of six clinicians (p < .001). Learners in the community hospital also indicated high response efficacy and self-efficacy. At the academic medical center, simulated patients indicated high measures on the Diabetes Health Threat Communication Questionnaire. Discussion: The moment of diagnosis presents a key opportunity to affect patients' perceptions of the disease. This curriculum guides clinicians in making the most of diagnosis delivery. Pairing of qualitative, patient-centered research alongside the iterative curriculum design process allows the curriculum to be adaptable and scalable to multiple settings and learner types.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)10959
Number of pages1
JournalMedEdPORTAL : the journal of teaching and learning resources
Volume16
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 11 2020

Keywords

  • Diabetes
  • Diabetes Mellitus
  • Editor's Choice
  • Family Medicine
  • Internal Medicine
  • Prediabetes
  • Prediabetic State
  • Primary Care

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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