Background. Tissue diagnosis of either interstitial lung disease or indeterminate pulmonary nodules can be obtained by either limited thoracotomy or thoracoscopic lung biopsy. Both procedures traditionally have required hospital admission. We report a series of patients undergoing outpatient thoracoscopic lung biopsy to demonstrate the safety and efficacy of this practice. Methods. Sixty-two ambulatory patients with a clinical diagnosis of either interstitial lung disease or indeterminate pulmonary nodule(s) underwent thoracoscopic lung biopsy between June 2000 and June 2001. All procedures were performed with double-lumen endotracheal anesthesia and stapled wedge resection. Chest tubes were removed if no air leak was present and if chest radiograph demonstrated no residual pneumothorax. Results. Of 62 patients undergoing thoracoscopic lung biopsy, 45 (72.5%) were discharged home within 8 hours of observation on the day of operation. Fourteen (22.5%) were discharged within 23 hours of their operation. Reasons for 23-hour observation included significant comorbidity (8), pain management (4), postoperative air leak (1), and conversion to muscle-sparing thoracotomy (1). Three (5%) required admission for prolonged air leak (2) or conversion to muscle-sparing thoracotomy (1). Diagnoses were obtained in 61 patients, including neoplasm (25), interstitial lung disease (18), granulomatous disease (7), and other (11). One patient was readmitted for pneumothorax. Patients diagnosed with nonbronchogenic pulmonary metastases were more likely to be discharged on the day of operation. No differences in age, smoking status, or preoperative pulmonary function testing were observed between patients requiring short-stay observation and those discharged immediately after operation. Conclusions. Outpatient thoracoscopic lung biopsy is safe and effective, and has become our procedure of choice for diagnosis of either interstitial or focal lung disease.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine