Dialysis facility referral and start of evaluation for kidney transplantation among patients treated with dialysis in the Southeastern United States

Rachel E. Patzer, Laura McPherson, Zhensheng Wang, Laura C. Plantinga, Sudeshna Paul, Matthew Ellis, Derek A. DuBay, Joshua Wolf, Amber Reeves-Daniel, Heather Jones, Carlos Zayas, Laura Mulloy, Stephen O. Pastan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Variability in transplant access exists, but barriers to referral and evaluation are underexplored due to lack of national surveillance data. We examined referral for kidney transplantation evaluation and start of the evaluation among 34 857 incident, adult (18-79 years) end-stage kidney disease patients from 690 dialysis facilities in the United States Renal Data System from January 1, 2012 through August 31, 2016, followed through February 2018 and linked data to referral and evaluation data from nine transplant centers in Georgia, North Carolina, and South Carolina. Multivariable-adjusted competing risk analysis examined each outcome. The median within-facility cumulative percentage of patients referred for kidney transplantation within 1 year of dialysis at the 690 dialysis facilities in Network 6 was 33.7% (interquartile range [IQR]: 25.3%-43.1%). Only 48.3% of referred patients started the transplant evaluation within 6 months of referral. In multivariable analyses, factors associated with referral vs evaluation start among those referred at any time differed. For example, black, non-Hispanic patients had a higher rate of referral (hazard ratio [HR]: 1.22; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.18-1.27), but lower evaluation start among those referred (HR: 0.93; 95% CI: 0.88-0.98), vs white non-Hispanic patients. Barriers to transplant varied by step, and national surveillance data should be collected on early transplant steps to improve transplant access.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalAmerican Journal of Transplantation
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - Jan 1 2020

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Keywords

  • clinical research/practice
  • dialysis
  • disparities
  • epidemiology
  • ethnicity/race
  • health services and outcomes research
  • kidney transplantation/nephrology
  • patient referral

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Transplantation
  • Pharmacology (medical)

Cite this

Patzer, R. E., McPherson, L., Wang, Z., Plantinga, L. C., Paul, S., Ellis, M., DuBay, D. A., Wolf, J., Reeves-Daniel, A., Jones, H., Zayas, C., Mulloy, L., & Pastan, S. O. (Accepted/In press). Dialysis facility referral and start of evaluation for kidney transplantation among patients treated with dialysis in the Southeastern United States. American Journal of Transplantation. https://doi.org/10.1111/ajt.15791