Dietary fructose intolerance, fructan intolerance and FODMAPs

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

47 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Dietary intolerances to fructose, fructans and FODMAPs (fermentable oligosaccharides, disaccharides, monosaccharides, and polyols) are common, yet poorly recognized and managed. Over the last decade, they have come to the forefront because of new knowledge on the mechanisms and treatment of these conditions. Patients with these problems often present with unexplained bloating, belching, distension, gas, abdominal pain, or diarrhea. Here, we have examined the most up-to-date research on these food-related intolerances, discussed controversies, and have provided some guidelines for the dietary management of these conditions. Breath testing for carbohydrate intolerance appears to be standardized and essential for the diagnosis and management of these conditions, especially in the Western population. While current research shows that the FODMAP diet may be effective in treating some patients with irritable bowel syndrome, additional research is needed to identify more foods items that are high in FODMAPs, and to assess the long-term efficacy and safety of dietary interventions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numberA8
JournalCurrent Gastroenterology Reports
Volume16
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2014

Fingerprint

Fructose Intolerance
Fructans
Monosaccharides
Disaccharides
Oligosaccharides
Eructation
Research
Food
Nutrition Policy
Irritable Bowel Syndrome
Abdominal Pain
Diarrhea
Gases
Diet
Safety
Population
polyol
Therapeutics

Keywords

  • Breath testing
  • Diet
  • FODMAPS
  • Fructan intolerance
  • Fructose intolerance
  • Fructose malabsorption
  • Irritable bowel syndrome

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Gastroenterology

Cite this

Dietary fructose intolerance, fructan intolerance and FODMAPs. / Fedewa, Amy; Rao, Satish Sanku Chander.

In: Current Gastroenterology Reports, Vol. 16, No. 1, A8, 01.01.2014.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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